Historically, Anhui's transport network was hampered by the lack of bridges across the Yangtze River, which divides the province into northern and southern regions. The first bridge across the Yangtze in Anhui, the Tongling Yangtze River Bridge was completed in 1995. As of October 2014, Anhui had four bridges across the Yangtze, at Ma'anshan, Wuhu, Tongling, and Anqing.
The province of Anhui has 5 major commercial airports and another 4 major airports are under construction. Hefei Xinqiao International Airport and Huangshan International Airport are the 2 international airports. The 5 airports in operation are:
Hefei Xinqiao International Airport (IATA: HFE, ICAO: ZSOF) is the main airport serving Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, China. It is located near the town of Gaoliu in Shushan District, 31.8 km from the city center. Construction started in December 2008 with a total investment of 3.728 billion yuan. Opened on 30 May 2013, it replaced Luogang Airport as Hefei's main airport.
Huangshan Tunxi International Airport (IATA: TXN, ICAO: ZSTX) is an airport in Tunxi, Huangshan City, Anhui Province, China. It mainly serves tourists to Mount Huangshan, one of China's top tourist destinations. The airport was first built in 1958 and has one 2,600-meter runway
Chizhou Jiuhuashan Airport (IATA: JUH, ICAO: ZSJH) is an airport serving the city of Chizhou in Anhui Province. It is located in Guichi District, 20 kilometers from the city center. The airport also serves the city of Tongling and the Buddhist sacred mountain of Jiuhuashan, both 20 kilometers away.]Construction of the airport began on 26 August 2009. It was originally expected to cost 609 million yuan and to open in 2011, but the actual opening date was 29 July 2013
Anqing Tianzhushan Airport (IATA: AQG, ICAO: ZSAQ) is a dual-use military and civil airport serving the city of Anqing in Anhui Province. It is located 6.3 kilometers north of the city. In 1991 the national government approved the conversion of the military Anqing Air Base to a dual-use airport. With an investment of 28 million yuan, the airport was opened to civil flights in December 1993.In 2005 HNA Group (parent of Hainan Airlines) took over the management of the airport and renamed it Anqing Tianzhushan Airport, after the nearby tourist destination Tianzhushan (Mount Tianzhu).
Fuyang Xiguan Airport (IATA: FUG, ICAO: ZSFY) is an airport serving the city of Fuyang in Anhui Province.The construction of the airport was controversial as it was instigated by a corrupt official. The construction costs of the airport are reported to be 390 million Yuan, but in 2002, only 920 passengers travelled through the airport.
Anhui was a place with a lack of a railway network. The situation has improved in the last 20 years. Most cities in this province are now connected by a high-speed train system. The newest one is Hefeinan Railway Station (Hefei South Railway Station 合肥火车南站) where most high-speed trains pass through. The Chinese government set Hefei as the leading National railway hub in 2016. In addition, according to the Chinese central government, Anhui will set at least 5 sub-central railway hubs in the next 5 years.
By high-speed railway, it only takes 1 hour from Hefei to Nanjing, capital city of Jiangsu Province, two hours to Wuhan, capital city of Hubei Province, three hours to Shanghai and four hours to Beijing.
It's also very convenient to travel to Anhui from neighboring provinces such as Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Hubei, Zhejiang, Jiangxi through trans-provincial expressways. Inter-city bus is the best choice for individual tourists to travel around Anhui.
Several cities of Anhui have become the crossroads of China's highway system. The province has set an ambitious plan from 2015 to 2025. Some important highways include:
G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway
G40 Shanghai-Xi'an Expressway
G42 Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway
S24 Changshu-Hefei Expressway
And G4212, G5011,National Highway 206,National Highway 312,National Highway 346,S17 Bengbu-Hefei Expressway, G3W Expressway
This is an important reason why so many express companies set their hubs in Hefei.