Beijing, Jing for short, is a metropolis in northern China and the capital of China. Lying 102km (70miles) west of Bo Hai Sea, it borders Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and for a small section in the east and Tianjin to the southeast. This city is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and motorways passing through the city. It is also the destination of many international flights arriving in China. This city is regarded as the political, educational, and cultural center of China.
English Name: Beijing, Peking
Chinese Name: 北京 (běi jīng)
Government: Municipality; Capital of China
Location: Northern China (39°54′N, 116°23′E)
Area Code: 010
Zip Code: 100000
History of Beijing
With a history of more than 3,000 years, it has been an integral part of China's history. There is scarcely a major building that doesn't have at least some national historical significance. Being the capital of China for about 850 years, it is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, offering China's most wonderful array of attractions. No other city in the nation attracts more travelers. Read More: Beijing History
Geography of Beijing
Beijing is located in the southern part of the North China Plan.Beijing is situated at 40 degrees north latitude and 116 degrees of longitudes. Beijing covers an area of 16,800 square kilometers, 38% of it is flat land and 62% mountains.
Beijing is located in northern China, abutting Hebei Province to the north, west, south, and to the east in a small part, and Tianjin Municipality to the southeast. As a port city of Beijing, Tianjin is about 200km to the southeast of Beijing.
Beijing is surrouded on its three sides (north, northwest and west) by mountains with its southeast opening to the south and east extending to Bohai Sea. The Great Wall of China runs across the northern part of Beijing.
Administration: With a total population of 21,59 million and a total area of 16,800 square kilometres,Beijing is divided into 14 districts and 2 counties, they are:
Through more than 60 years of construction sinnce 1949, Beijing has changed from a consumer-city to a major city with various industries. Beijing ranks second among the top 50 cities in China in terms of comprehensive power, and is the first among the 40 best cities in China in terms of investment enviroment.
With China's reform and opening up, Beijing is improving urban construction on an unprecedented scale. Its speed of development is astonishing and it brings about changes day by day. Around this graceful ancient capital, a large number of key national projects, massive infrastructure buildings and moden residential houses have sprung up.
Wasteland and low, dilapidated houses are gradually disappearing, replaced by newly-built residential quarters of different styles and surrounded by greenbelts. Wide and smooth highways, magnificent overpasses and expressways link Beijing with its neighboring provinces and cities. And eye-catching green trees and gardens have made Beijing resemble a huge scroll of painting pleasing to both the eye and the mind.
Beijing is one of the most developed cities in China. Beijing is home to 26 Fortune Global 500 companies, the third most in the world behind Tokyo and Paris, and over 100 of the largest companies in China.
In 2010, Beijing's GDP reached 1.37 trillion RMB. Its per capita GDP was 78,194 RMB. In 2009, Beijing's GDP was 1.19 trillion RMB (US$174 billion), a growth of 10.1% over the previous year. Its GDP per capita was 68,788 RMB (US$10,070), an increase of 6.2% over 2008.
Climate of Beijing
Beijing's climate is defined as "continental monsoon." Beijing has distinctive four seasons. In spring time, Beijing is a bit dusty and windy. Spring is short here and excursions are a popular form of tourism. Summer is hot, but the hot weather is short-lived, plus, rainfall is plentiful. Autumn, lasting about 50 days, is the best season for tourism and the temperature is mild and the sun is out a lot. Winter is long and cold, but the ice lantern shows an skiing still attract many tourists...Read More: Beijing Climate
Transportation of Beijing
With China on the rise, there has never been a better time to see Beijing continue its trasnformation from a conservative and sleepy city into a world -class futuristic metropolis. Within its regulated street grids,you can find timeless alleys (or Hutongs) athnic minority enclaves and local neighbourhoods waiting to be swept away by towering developments featuring majestic fountains,modern art and of course dizzing architecture.With an increasing appreciation of history'many older neighbourhoods have been set asider for heritage protection.The ever sophisticated urban class are are renovating and upgrading ancient courtyards into gilded domestic paradises of marble and fine timbers'honouring traditional ways of living in modern style. While some now believe China only looks forward to progress and prosperity,if you look carefully behind their unassuming affluence,Beijingers seek to uphold and respect the past...Read More: Beijing Transportation
Beijing Education & Health
Whether wealthy or poor,residents are awake to the reality that they are living in a radically prosperous time. and have apositive outlook that has not been felt in centuries.Beijing is the eye of storm in a human transformation of development that's never been experienced in history.The residents of Beijing are called Beijingers or Beijingren.It is a home to people from every region of China and citizens of many countries. Beijing holds some of the world's leading unversities,so you will find a vibrant international students scence.The growth of the city has attracted leading architects and designers from across the globe. Beijing is the place to appreciate the cultural diversity of China.you will feel you're discovering not just a new country, but a new world.
Beijing is one of the world's great mega cities and its importance continues to rise.It has been the capital of China for more than eight centuries and its history is richly layered and complemented by museums, galleries and institutions. Beijing is also a modern city,rapidly developing metropolies,with avantgard architecture,five -star services,efficient trasnport links to China and the world,plus a dynamic nightlife than never stands still.Beijing changes faster than any city in the developed world. so even if you visited a few years ago,prepare yourself for some wonderful surprises,
The Winter Olympic Games are a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years, featuring sports practiced on snow and ice. The 2022 Winter Olympics is an important international event organized in a city selected by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). After Oslo withdrew its bid on October 1, 2014, Beijing and Almaty are the two remaining candidate cities. Wish Beijing's bid a success !
As one of the world's great ancient capitals, Beijing is a must-see because it is home to some of the finest remnants of China's imperial past.Standing side-by-side with old Beijing's crimson palace complexes are the city's impressive skylines. Beijing is a superb example of the great transformation China has undergone as it burst into the 21st century. Beijing's travel industry has forged forward after China's economic reforms in 1978, and the city is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.