The Summer Palace landscape, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 2.9 square kilometers, three quarters of which is under water. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.
The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was first constructed in 1750. It was razed to the ground by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. The Government of the Qing Dynasty started to rebuild it in 1886 with funds that it had misappropriated from the Imperial Navy and other sources. Renamed two years later as Yihe Yuan or the Garden of Health and Harmony, it was supposed to serve as a summer resort for the Empress Dowager Cixi. Known also as the Summer Palace, it was ravaged by the Allied Forces of the Eight Powers that invaded China in 1900. The damage was repairedin 1902. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Summer Palace has undergone several major renovations. Its major attractions such as the Four Great Regions, Suzhou Street, the Pavilion of Bright Scenery, the Hall of Serenity, the Wenchang Galleries and the Plowing and Weaving Scenery Area have been successively restored.
There are over 40 shops scattered in the Palace, mainly at the East Entrance Gate, Zhichun Pavilion, the Long Corridor and the Marble Boat where unique handicraft articles, food, drinks and photographic service for persons wearing court costume are available. The handicraft articles on sale at the shops at Zhichun Pavilion, Wenchang Pavilion and Dehe Garden have the strong features of the Summer Palace. Restaurants and food stores are located at the Marble Boat, Suzhou Street and Dehe Garden. You are welcome to the Summer Palace. Working hours: 08:30 - 16:30 (winter time) 08:30 - 17:30 (summer time)
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