The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan, or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was an imperial garden constructed in 1750 by Emperor Qianlong in a bid to celebrate his mother's birthday. During the past few centuries, emperors and empresses spent their leisure time there, which is of great aesthetic value today.
The site in Beijing is an outstanding expression of the creative art of Chinese landscape garden design, incorporating the works of man and nature in a harmonious manner. The Summer Palace was added to the list in November 1998. The Summer Palace landscape, dominated mainly by Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, covers an area of 2.9 square kilometers,
three quarters of which is under water. Its 70,000 square meters of building space features a variety of palaces, gardens and other ancient-style architectural structures. Well known for its large and priceless collection of cultural relics, it was among the first group of historical and cultural heritage sites in China to be placed under special state protection.
The Summer Palace, originally named Qingyi Yuan or the Garden of Clear Ripples, was first constructed in 1750. It was razed to the ground by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. The Government of the Qing Dynasty started to rebuild it in 1886 with funds that it had misappropriated from the Imperial Navy and other sources. Renamed two years later as Yihe Yuan or the Garden of Health and Harmony, it was supposed to serve as a summer resort for the Empress Dowager Cixi. Known also as the Summer Palace, it was ravaged by the Allied Forces of the Eight Powers that invaded China in 1900. The damage was repairedin 1902. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Summer Palace has undergone several major renovations. Its major attractions such as the Four Great Regions, Suzhou Street, the Pavilion ofBright Scenery, the Hall of Serenity, the Wenchang Galleries and the Plowing and Weaving Scenery Area have been successively restored.
There are over 40 shops scattered in the Palace, mainly at the East Entrance Gate, Zhichun Pavilion, the Long Corridor and the Marble Boat where unique handicraft articles, food, drinks and photographic service for persons wearing court costume are available. The handicraft articles on sale at the shops at Zhichun Pavilion, Wenchang Pavilion and Dehe Garden have the strong features of the Summer Palace. Restaurants and food stores are located at the Marble Boat, Suzhou Street and Dehe Garden. You are welcome to the Summer Palace. Working hours: 08:30 - 16:30 (winter time) 08:30 - 17:30 (summer time)
Read More: The New Summer Palace in Zhuhai
The New Yuanmingyuan Garden is based on the original Yuanmingyuan Garden in Beijing, it is an imitation garden comprising eighteen of the original forty sights. The delicate Chinese palaces, buildings, and pavilions show the imperial architecture of the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) and classical garden layout of south China. The Western architecture in the west part of the New Yuanming Palace manifests classic European style.Lying at the foot of the Stone Forest Mountain of Zhuhai, the New Yuanming Palace covers an area of 1.39 square kilometers (343.5 acres). Being built and opened to the public in 1997, it reproduces 18 scenic spots of Old Summer Palace in the same size. Although the total area is just 1/6 of the original Old Summer Palace, the concentrated historical garden attracts millions of visitors every year. This palace was praised as the Provincial Patriotism Education Base; and in 2000 it was evaluated as the National AAAA Tourist Area...More