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Chengdu Overview

Chengdu,located in central of Sichuan Basin, is the capital of Sichuan and a major city in western China. It is one of the most important economic, transportation, and communication centers in western China.

Geography of Chengdu

Position : Chengdu is located on the fertile Chengdu Plain, which is known as the “The Land of Abundance”. It is the fourth most populous city in the Chinese mainland, with 7.12 million residents living in the urban area and 6.73 million living in the surrounding. With a powerful economic development in recent years, it is becoming a modern metropolitan city, but traditions are well preserved.

Topography: Chengdu’s topography takes the shape of a ladder, which slopes toward the southeast from the northwest. The highest point, with an elevation of 5,364 m, is the Miao Ji Ling Range located in Xi Ling Town under Da Yi County. The lowest site, 387 m above sea level, is the outlet of the Zhi Shui River below the Jin Tang-Jian Yang Bridge in Yun He Town under Jin Tang County. The city’s relative height difference is about 4, 977 m. The prominent difference of its elevation height results in the vertical climate of heat difference and colorful natural landscape. Under these conditions, local living resources in Chengdu area have various families and complete categories, creating excellent advantages to develop tourism and three-dimensional agriculture.

Landforms: Chengdu’s landform appears regular and parallel. It presents varied topographical parts, ranging from west to east: medium-height mountainous areas, hilly areas along mountains, plain region, low mountainous areas, and hilly areas. The Mount Long Men and the Mount Qiong Lai stand high in the northwest;. The Mount Long Quan obliquely passes through the southeast; The Mount Chang Qiu lies across the south. All these four mountains form natural protective screens for the Chengdu Plains. Between the plains and mountainous areas are hills, which function as transitional zones. To the east of the Mount Long Quan are typical hilly areas located in the middle of Sichuan. The areas of the plains, hills and mountains account respectively for 40.1%、27.6%、32.3% of the total city area.

Administratives: Chengdu is a sub-provincial city. It has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (Jinjiang, Wuhou, Qingyang, Chenghua, Jinniu, Longquanyi, Qingbaijiang, Wenjiang, Xindu), 4 county-level cities (Dujiangyan, Qionglai, Pengzhou,Chongzhou) and 6 counties (Shuangliu, Dayi, Pixian, Jintang, Pujiang, Xinjin).


Archaeological discoveries suggest the area of Chengdu had become the center of the Bronze Age culture around the time of the establishment of the ancient Shu Kingdom about 3, 000 years ago. It was a prosperous city most of the time in history...Read More: Chengdu History


Chengdu is one of the most densely populated cities in China. The total household registered population is 12,280,485 in 2015. Chengdu is the fourth-largest city in China, whose population density is 1006 persons per, and that of city area and central city area are 2131 persons per and 7933 persons per respectively.


Chengdu is a city where ethnic groups live in different places. Apart from the Han Nationality, there are 55 ethnic nationalities in the territory. According to statistics of the fifth census, besides a large population of different transient and floating ethnic groups, the population of ethnic residents is 60,538. The ten ethnic groups with a population of 1000 and over are Hui, Tibetan, Manchu, Mongolian, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Qiang, Zhuang and Korean.

What to eat

Chengdu is the first Asian city to win a UNESCO listing as a City of Gastronomy. The food here is some of the best in the world and although most people will say Sichuan is known for spice, the truth is that flavor is at the heart of Sichuan cuisine. It is also famous for its teahouses and tea culture that emphasizes relaxation.


According to the 2007 Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment, Chengdu was chosen as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 urban centers in China. In 2011, Chengdu was named one of the 4 “most livable cities” in China by the working committee for the China Urban Development Report of the China Association of Mayors.

Home of Pandas

Chengdu is home to giant pandas. Some pandas live in the remote mountainous areas in the west and north to Chengdu and the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, in the northern suburb of the city, has gained an international reputation for its efforts in preserving the rare species. The research facility draws thousands of visitors each year from all over the world.


Chengdu is an important tourism destination and hub of tour dispatch in west China, from where tourists can reach Emei Mountain, one of Four Famous Buddhist Mountains in China, Leshan Giant Budda, Daocheng and Shangrila to the south; Tibet, the snow plateau, to the west; Jiuzhaigou Valley, the fairy world, to the north. With those conveniences, Chengdu becomes the key junction of world heritage travel in west China. Chengdu is an important on air door of West China. The Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the sixth largest airport in China. Flights are available to almost every domestic key city and 30 international cities. The transportation is convenient and regional advantage is prominent.

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