Since China's opening-up to the outside world in 1978,particularly with the Beijing's successful bid for 2008 Olympic Games,more and more overseas visitors have been becoming increasingly interested in Chinese ancient culture,beautiful scenery,people's lifestyle and various aspects of the society.Among the world's four most famous ancient civilizations,Chinese civilization is the only one in the world tha has been developing for more than 5,000 years without interruption.As a Chinese saying goes:"A picture is worth a thousand words,but being there is worth a thousand pictures."Only by traveling in China can you have been an overall knowledge of China's past,present, and future, and of China's folk customs as well.
Symbols of China
◎ National Flag of China
The national flog of China is The Five-starred Red Flag, on the top left corner of which are one big yellow star and four small yellow stars. The four ones center upon the big one, symbolizing all the Chinese ethnic groups uniting as one under the leadership of Chinese Communist Party.
◎ National Emblem of China
The national emblem is made up of the five stars on the national flag and the Tian’anmen (signifying the nation), a gear (signifying working class), and ears of rice (signifying the peasantry). The color of yellow and red of the emblem embody a traditional idea of auspiciousness and jubilance.
◎ National Anthem of China
March of the Volunteers composed by Nie Er and written by Tian Han in 1935, which has highly encouraged people to fight against the Japanese invaders, was decided as the national anthem.
◎ National Flag of China
Located in north of China's North Plain, Beijing is capital of the People's Republic of China, as well as the center of China's politic,culture,transportaion.
The People's Republic Of China was founded in 1949.China is located in the eastern part of Asia,on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. Its land territory of 9.6million square kilometres, and it has 6,536 islands exceeding over 500 square metres. China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 antonomous regions,4 municipalities and 2 special adminitrative regions directly under the central government.China boasts 2,861 counties and county-level districts,which are subdivided into 20,226 towns and 16,636 townships.
Population and Nationalities
China is the populous country in the world. By the end of 2014 the population on China's mainland reached 1.35 billion.China has 56 ethnic groups.The Han nationality makes au approximately 92% of the total population mainly living in the eastern part of the country,which the 55 ethnic groups account for 8% of the total population in China. According to the Chinese Constitution,all nationalities are equal in China. The state protects their lawful rights and interests and promotes equality,unity and mutual help among them.
The Han nationality,which makes up the overwhelming majority of the population,uses the Han (Chinese) language, which is spoken in all parts of the country,Other 55 ethnic groups us their own spoken languages.But it is not uncommon for saveral ethnic groups to share a common language.
China is a multi-religious state.Various religions exert different influence on different ethnic groups. The Hui, Yugur,Kazak,Ozbek,Tajik,Kirgiz, Tatar, Dongxiang,Salar,and Bonan nationalities follow Islam;the Tibetan,Mongolia,Dai,and Yugur nationalities follow Buddhism and Lamaism; Christianity is followed by the Miao,Yao,Yi nationalities.The majority Han nationality people believe in Buddhism, Christianty and Taoism.The Chinese people enjoy freedom of religion.
The offical currency in China id the Reminbi(RMB).The basic units is the yuan (also known as "kuai"),which eauals 10 jiao,which is then divided into 10 fen. Paper currency coms in 1,2,5,10,20,50,100 yuan notes, Paper jiao comes in denominations of 1,2,5.As for coins,there is 1 yuan.
Most luxury hotels in China have built-in converters in bathrooms for shaves,hair dryers,etc,Othervise,come equiped,because an amazing variety of plug types in use.The voltage is 220 volts.