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Nationalities and Population In China

 2015-10-29 19:53:09

China is a united-national country. By the end of 2014 the population on China's mainland reached 1.35 billion.China has 56 ethnic groups.The Han nationality makes au approximately 92% of the total population mainly living in the eastern part of the country,which the 55 ethnic groups  account for 8% of the total population in China. According to the Chinese Constitution,all nationalities are  equal in China. The state protects their lawful rights and interests and promotes equality,unity and mutual help among them. The nationalities in China include: Han, Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Korean, Manchu, Dong, Yao, Bai, Tujia, Hani, Kazakh, Dai, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Gaoshan, Lahu, Shui, Dongxiang, Naxi, Jingpo, Kirgiz, Tu, Dahur, Mulao, Qiang, Bulang, Sala, Maonan, Gelo, Sibo, Achang, Pumi, Tajik, Nu, Ozbek, Russian, Owenke, Deang, Baoan, Yugu, Jing, Tartar, Dulong, Oroqen, Hezhe, Monba, Luoba, Jinuo. In addition, there are a few people from unidentified nationalities in China.
During the long process of historical development, many people from various minority nationalities gradually get used to living in compact communities in areas mainly populated by Han people. Except Hui and Manchu people who commonly speak Chinese, the rest of the minority nationalities use their own languages or Chinese. Over the years, people from the 56 nationalities labor and multiply in the vast area of 9.6 million square kilometers and all of them have made their own contribution to China’s splendid civilization in the long period of history.


56 Nationalities in China

Ethnic GroupPopulation (1,000s)Major Areas of Distribution
Achang27.7Yunnan
Bai1,598.1Yunnan, Guizhou
Bao’an11.7Gansu
Bouyei2,548.3Guizhou
Bulang82.4Yunnan
Dai1,025.4Yunnan
Daur121.5Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Xinjiang
De’ang15.5Yunnan
Dong2,506.8Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi
Dongxiang373.7Gansu, Xinjiang
Drung5.8Yunnan
Ewenki26.4Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
Hani1,254.8Yunnan
Hezhen4.3Heilongjiang
Hui8,612.0Ningxia, Gansu, Henan, Hebei, Qinghai, Shandong, Yunnan, Xinjiang, Anhui, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shaanxi, Beijing, Tianjin
Gaoshan2.9Taiwan (population not counted), Fujian
Gelo438.2Guizhou, Guangxi
Jing18.7Guangxi
Jingpo119.3Yunnan
Jino18.0Yunnan
Kazak1,110.8Xinjiang, Gansu, Qinghai
Kirgiz143.5Xinjiang, Heilongjiang
Korean1,923.4Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang
Lahu411.5Yunnan
Li1,112.5Hainan
Lisu574.6Yunnan, Sichuan
Loba2.3Tibet
Manchu8,846.8Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing, Inner Mongolia
Maonan72.4Guangxi
Miao7,383.6Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Sichuan, Hainan, Hubei
Mongba7.5Tibet
Mongolian4,802.4Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Qinghai
Mulam160.6Guangxi
Naxi277.8Yannan, Sichuan
Nu27.2Yunnan
Oroqen7.0Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang
Ozbek14.8Xinjiang
Pumi29.7Yunnan
Qiang198.3Sichuan
Russian13.5Xinjiang
Salar87.5Qinghai, Gansu
She634.7Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong
Shui347.1Guizhou, Guangxi
Tajik33.2Xinjiang
Tartar5.1Xinjiang
Tibetan4,593.1Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunan
Tu192.6Qinghai, Gansu
Tujia5,725.0Hunnan, Hubei
Uygur7,207.0Xinjiang
Va352.0Yunnan
Xibo172.9Xinjiang, Liaoning, Jilin
Yao2,137.0Guangxi, Hunan, Ynnan, Guangdong, Guizhou
Yi6,578.5Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi
Yugu12.3Gansu
Zhuang15,555.8Guangxi, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guizhou

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