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China Overview


The People's Republic of China was founded in 1949. China is one of the biggest countries in the world. It has an area of about 9.6 million square kilometers which comprises about 6.5 per cent of the world total land area. Its population of more than one billion accounts for 23 per cent of the world's population. China is the world's oldest continuous civilization. World Travel Organization predicts that by year 2020, China will become the number one travel destination in the world.

chinamap.jpgFacts of China

Country Name in Chinese: 中华人民共和国 (中国)
Country Name in English: The People's Republic of China (P.R.C.)
Capital City: Beijing
Largest City: Shanghai
Official Language: Mandarin Chinese
Area: about 9,600,000 square kilometers
Population: 1,370,536,875 (by 2010)
Number of Ethnic Groups: 56
Foundation Day: October 1st, 1949
National Flag: The Five-starred Red Flag
National Anthem: March of the Volunteers
Form of Government: System of National People's Congress
Administrative Demarcations: 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, and 2 special administrative regions
Currency: Renminbi (RMB)
Symbol of Currency: ¥
Country Code: CHN
Internet domain: .cn
International Dialing Code: +86
Time Zone: UTC+8
Road traffic: Right-hand traffic

Religions: Officially atheist, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, Christianism


History of China


Symbols of China

National Flag of China
The national flog of China is The Five-starred Red Flag, on the top left corner of which are one big yellow star and four small yellow stars. The four ones center upon the big one, symbolizing all the Chinese ethnic groups uniting as one under the leadership of Chinese Communist Party.
National Emblem of China

The national emblem is made up of the five stars on the national flag and the Tian’anmen (signifying the nation), a gear (signifying working class), and ears of rice (signifying the peasantry). The color of yellow and red of the emblem embody a traditional idea of auspiciousness and jubilance.

Beijing,Capitai of China 

National Anthem of China

March of the Volunteers composed by Nie Er and written by Tian Han in 1935, which has highly encouraged people to fight against the Japanese invaders, was decided as the national anthem.

National Flag of China

Located in north of China's North Plain, Beijing is capital of the People's Republic of China, as well as  the center of  China's politic,culture,transportaion.

 


Adminitrative Division

The People's Republic Of China is located in the  eastern part of Asia,on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. Its land territory of 9.6million square kilometres, and it has 6,536 islands exceeding over 500 square metres. China is divided into 23 provinces, 5 antonomous regions,4 municipalities and 2 special adminitrative regions directly under the central government.China boasts 2,861 counties and county-level districts,which are subdivided into 20,226 towns and 16,636 townships.


Population and Nationalities

China is the populous country in the world. By the end of 2014 the population on China's mainland reached 1.35 billion.China has 56 ethnic groups.The Han nationality makes au approximately 92% of the total population mainly living in the eastern part of the country,which the 55 ethnic groups  account for 8% of the total population in China. According to the Chinese Constitution,all nationalities are  equal in China. The state protects their lawful rights and interests and promotes equality,unity and mutual help among them...More Read.


Language

The Han nationality,which makes up the overwhelming majority of the population,uses the Han (Chinese) language, which is spoken in all parts of the country,Other 55 ethnic groups us their own spoken languages.But it is not uncommon for saveral ethnic groups to share a common language.


Religion

China is a multi-religious state.Various religions exert different influence on different ethnic groups. The Hui, Yugur,Kazak,Ozbek,Tajik,Kirgiz, Tatar, Dongxiang,Salar,and Bonan nationalities follow Islam;the Tibetan,Mongolia,Dai,and Yugur nationalities follow Buddhism and Lamaism; Christianity is followed by the Miao,Yao,Yi nationalities.The majority Han nationality people believe in Buddhism, Christianty and Taoism.The Chinese people enjoy freedom of religion.


Money

The offical currency in China id the Reminbi(RMB).The basic units is the yuan (also known as "kuai"),which eauals 10 jiao,which is then divided into 10 fen. Paper currency coms in 1,2,5,10,20,50,100 yuan notes, Paper jiao comes in denominations of 1,2,5.As for coins,there is 1 yuan.


Electricity

Most luxury hotels in China have built-in converters in bathrooms for shaves,hair dryers,etc,Othervise,come equiped,because an amazing variety of plug types in use.The voltage is 220 volts.

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