Situated near the northern extremity of the Northeast China Plain, Harbin City, capital of Heilongjiang Province, is the most northerly province in China. Heilongjiang wraps around the northeastern extremity of Inner Mongolia to the west, while to the east, the province stretches to the border with North Korea and Russia. Indeed, the Northwestern-Pacific, Russian seaport city of Vladivostok lies just beyond the "rear left foot" of Heilongjiang Province. However,Harbin is the political, economic, cultural and technological center of Heilongjiang Province, as well as the province's transportation and communication hub.
Facts of Harbin
Chinese Name: Harbin (hǎ ēr bīn)
Area: 53,068 square kilometers
Zip code:1 150000
Histoy of Harbin
Harbin was the birthplace of Jin Dynaysty (1115-1234) and Qing Dynasty(1644-1911) , the latter of which had a very considerable influence on modern Chinese history. At the end of the 19th century, Russia built the terminus of the Middle East Railway here. Later, more than 160,000 foreigners from 33 countries migrated to this place, promoting the development of a capitalist economy in the city.
Geography of Harbin
Harbin is situated near the northern extremity of the Northeast China Plain, the large plain that lies above the Bay of Bohai, stretching, in a northeasterly direction, roughly from the Inner Mongolian city of Ulanhad to roughly the city of Suihua in Heilongjiang Province, or to about 100 kilometers northeast of Harbin, where the Xiaoxing'an Mountains begin.
What to see in Harbin?
Being the famous 'Ice City', Harbin attracts visitors from home and abroad by the Harbin Ice and Snow Festival it helds each year. It is a happy carnival which provides visitors a whole world of ice and snow. The festival usually begins from January and last for over one month. Here lists top attractions in Harbin.
|The Sun Island||St. Sophia Cathedral||Zhaolin Park|
| Jile Temple||Yabuli Ski Resort||Harbin Ice & Snow World|
|Harbin Siberian Tiger Park|| Stalin Park||Harbin Ice Lantern Garden|
When to visit Harbin?
Famed as the 'Ice City', Harbin has four distinct seasons with long cold winters and short cool summers. The snow season can last as long as half a year. Harbin weather in January is the coldest with the lowest temperature dropping to -38C (-36F), while it is just 20C (68F) on average in summer.
The distinctive climate makes Harbin a good travel destination that can be visited at any time, especially from July to September and from December to January, when it always receives tens of thousands of tourists as a summer resort and wonderland of ice and snow.
How to get to Harbin?
By Air :
Located 33 kilometers (20.5 miles) northwest of downtown area, Harbin Taiping International Airport (HRB) is currently the second largest airport in northeastern China. Formerly known as Yanjiagang Airport ,it achieved an international airport status in 1984 and serves as one of the most important transportation hubs for northeastern China. The airport is currently well equipped to handle 6 million passengers annually and has more than 50 air routes, covering over 40 domestic and overseas cities. These include Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Changsha, Seoul, Osaka, Vladivostok and Los Angeles.
The airport has two terminals, domestic and international. Auxiliary facilities are offered in the airport, including duty-free shops, shops selling local products, restaurants, airport lounges, lost&found and information desk. The automatic check-in counter can be found at the information desk of China Southern Airlines, 2F, Terminal Building, where travellers may check in and print boarding passes.
By Train :
Harbin City has four railway stations, City Railway Station, the West Railway Station, the East Railway Station and the North Railway Station. The city of Harbin is the terminus station of Harbin – Dalian high speed railway, which strides across the three provinces (Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Jilin) in northeast China. The railway line goes to Dalian, and passes through Changchun and Shenyang.
The City Railway Station is located in Nangang District, the center of the city. It was originally built in 1899 and also named as Qinjiagang Railway Station or Songhuajiang Railway Station. Being one of the largest train stations in the country, it has trains running to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Changsha, Xian, Chengdu, Wuhan, Shenyang, and Hangzhou every day.
The West Railway Stationis the terminus of Beijing-Harbin and Harbin-Dalian High Speed Railways. It mainly operates high speed or bullet trains to the northeast area of China, including those to/from Dalian, Changchun, Jilin, Shenyang, and Beijing.
The East Station is also named San Ke Shu Zhan (Three Trees Station), located in Daowai District. It is currently closed for renovation. After renovation in early November, 2016, trains from there will run to Chifeng, Dandong, Binjiang, Jiamusi, and Heihe.
The North Railway Stationis an important stop along Harbin – Qiqihar High Speed Railway. It operates trains to/from Qiqihar, Daqing, Shenyang, Tieling, Qinkang, Hunchun, Yanji, and Tumen, etc.
By Long-distance Bus :
The long-distance buses are mainly offered by Nangang Bus Station with most of the bus routes covering the rest of Heilongjiang Province. Destinations available via the inter-provincial long-distance bus services are Shenyang within Liaoning Province and Changchun within Jilin Province. A new route was opened this year to Vladivostok in Russia, with the daily journey by luxury bus taking twelve hours.
By Sea :
Occupying an advantageous geographical position, the City Port is listed as one of the eight important inland harbors of China. However, ships only can reach some parts of northeast China from April through to early November.
Top things to do in Harbin
Enjoy the Harbin Ice and Snow Festival
Harbin Ice & Snow Festival is held between the 5th of January and the end of February every year. Ice Lantern Garden Party is the other appealing destination in this city that is equally wonderful as the Ice Lantern Garden Party despite their different characteristics.
Visit the top attraction in Harbin City
Known as the 'Eastern Moscow', Harbin has always been regarded as a unique and exotic city. The most exotic place in Harbin is Central Street. As a new comer to this city without any idea of where to go, be sure to start your journey at 'Central Street'. This long corridor of European architectural art is the pride of every local peopel in this city. It provides an enthralling destination which abounds with history, attracting tourists from home and abroad. The other places you must-visit are: the Sun Island, Zhaolin Park, Jile Temple,St.Sophia Church,etc.
Local Specialties: Russian Dolls, Northeastern Tirana, Fangzheng Paper-cut, Harbin Knit Embroiders, The handcraft picture of Wheat straw
Local Food: Old Dingfeng Cake, Crisp Pastry, Fried Beijing-style Tripe with Pine Nut, Aired Sausage, Smoked Salmon, Catsup bone, Flying dragon soup, Flying dragon soup, Beiqi Fenggu