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Jilin City Guide

Jilin City1.jpgJilin City is situated Jilin Province in the hinterland of Northeastern China.The City of Jilin is in the transition area between Changbai Mountains and Songnen Plain. It ranks the second largest city of Jinlin Province only to Changchun and it is the only city in China sharing the same name with the province. The city is bounded on the north by Heilongjiang Province, and neighbors the capital city, Changchun, in the west.

Facts of Jilin City

Chinese Name: 吉林市 (jí lín shì)
Population: 4,514,000
Area: 27,120 square kilometers (10,471 square miles)
Nationalities: Han, Manchu
Administrative Division: 4 districts (Chuanying, Longtan, Changyi, Fengman); 1 county (Yongji); 4 county-level cities (Panshi, Jiaohe, Huadian, Shulan)

History of Jilin City

The name is short for Jilin Wula, a Manchu word meaning 'a city along the river'. Before the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), the ancestors of the Man ethnic minority lived there. It was brought into the territory of the Jurchen Jin Dynasty in 1115. In late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it became a part of the Manchu Khanate (Kingdom), which later took over as the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) in 1644.

Geography of Jilin City

Located in Jilin Province,the city of Jilin is very beautiful. Songhua River twines through the city, from the Changbai Mountains in the southeast. The terrain gradually slopes downwards from the southeast to the northwest, creating and dividing the landform tapestry into mountain area, hilly area, lakes in valleys and valley plains.

Jilin city is rich in natural resources, especially its developed water system. It's one of only a few cities in North China that enjoys rich hydropower. The city has a strong industrial foundation and has developed a new industrial system featuring chemical, automobile and metallurgical industries as its pillar economy; carbon fiber, equipment manufacturing, electronic information, and biological technology as ts emerging industries; and energy, agricultural products processing, and non-metallic mineral processing for its traditional industries.

What to see in Jilin City?

In recent years, Jilin has been named a national famous historical and cultural city, a national excellent tourist city, a national city of charm, a national model in landscaping, one of the most suitable cities for living in China, one of China's top ten beautiful cities, a Chinese calligraphy city, a national garden city, one of the most distinctive leisure cities in China, and one of the famous Chinese cities most worth being introduced to the world.

Rime Island

Songhua Lake

Beidahu Ski
              Rime Island (Wusong Island)                              Songhua Lake                      Beidahu Skiing Field 

How to get to Jilin City?

There are special buses in front of the city's Train Station running to the Songhua Lake every 40 minutes. The external transportation of the city is convenient. It is 130 kilometers (81 miles) away from Changchun and dozens of buses depart every day to Changchun within every two hours. Some people praise the Songjiang Road (Middle) as beautiful as the Shanghai Bund. It is the best location to appreciate the nightscape, and an excellent place to admire the rimed trees along the Songhua River.

When to visit Jilin City?

Jinlin belongs to a temperate continental monsoon climate. Located at a high altitude, the city has four distinct seasons, among which the winter is especially long and chilly. Due to the terrain, the temperature of Jilin weather drops accordingly with increasing heights from the northwest to the southeast. January is the coldest month of a year with an average temperature of -18C (-0.4F). Jilin is a tourist destination favorable at any seasons. January to February is the coldest period, but the most beautiful season for the snowscape and rimed trees. 

Jilin City Travel Tips

Jilin city is known as the "second home" of Chinese opera. It's famous for local songs and dances, TV programs and root carvings. The city is a famous national tourist city and enjoys unique sightseeing, leisure, historical culture and folk custom resources. The rime in Jilin is one of the four meteorological wonders in China.

Local Highlights: Jilin Rime Ice and Snow Festival (between December and February)

Special Local Products: ginseng, marten, pilose antler, forest frog ovary oil; root carving of tidal wood in Songhua Lake, bark paintings

Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0432-4682561
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: 0432-4852731

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