Chinese Culture

Chinese New Year Festival


Chinese New Year Festival,also called Chiense Spring Festival,has more than 4,000 years.Chinese New Year Festival is the most important festival for Chinese people.The festival lasts for 15 days from the 1st to 15th day of the first lunar month, and in folklore it starts even earlier, from the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month. Most employees will have seven days off work, while students take one month absence from school.Being one of the traditional festivals, it is the time for the whole families to reunite together, which is similar with Christmas Day to the westerners.


History of Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year is originated during the Shang Dynasty (17th - 11th century BC).It used to be observed to fight against the monster "Nian" who liked to eat children and livestock. The monster was afraid of red color and loud sound. Therefore, people decorated their houses in red and set off firecrackers to expel it...More


Chinese New Year’s Eve

FirecrackersChinese New Year's Eve(除夕) refers to the night in end of the last day of the lunar year. Because the day often falls on the lunar twelfth month 29 or 30, it is also known as Chinese New Year's Eve. It is one of the most important Han Chinese traditional festivals. Every household are busy sweeping homes and courtyards. On New Year's Eve, people often do not sleep all night which called pernoctating. On New Year's Eve, you not only should keep both inside and outside of the house cleaning, but also need to post door-god, couplets, New Year pictures and hang lanterns.
Chinese New Year's Eve is extremely important for Chinese people. On this day, people ring out the Old Year and ring in the New Year, then eat the reunion dinner. The family is the foundation of Chinese society. The annual reunion dinner fully demonstrates that the Chinese clan family members love each other and this mutual respect and love also brings the relationship between the families closer together. Reunite families often make householders get spiritual consolation and satisfaction. The elders look at dons, daughters and grandchildren while the whole family gather at the table. The care and upbringing of children in the past finally paid off which is a kind of happiness that cannot be too much praised. The younger generation are also able to take the opportunity to raise the grace to parents and express gratitude.


What Do People Do?

Chinese New Year is the most important and longest of all Chinese festivals, celebrated in Chinese communities worldwide. Chinese New Year activities include:

  • Making offerings to household deities.

  • Wearing new clothes, particularly in red.

  • Hosting a large banquet for family and friends.

  • Taking part in lion and dragon dances, as well as festive parades featuring acrobatic demonstrations, beating gongs, and clashing cymbals .

Many children receive “lucky money” in red envelopes and household doors are open to let good luck enter on Chinese New Year. Chinese New Year may also include a lantern festival, where people hang decorated lanterns in temples and carry lanterns to an evening parade.


What's Open or Closed?

Chinese New Year is a public holiday in China, which lasts for a few days. It is also a public holiday in countries such as Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, North Korea, Singapore, South Korea, and Vietnam.

It is not a public holiday in countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom or the United States. However, some businesses may close early and some streets may be closed for a short while to allow for festival parades to take place.

About Chinese New Year

This festival is believed go as far back as prehistory. It marks the start of the new lunar cycle and is called the Spring Festival (in the northern hemisphere) as it falls between the December solstice and the March equinox. China follows the Gregorian calendar for daily business but the dates of the Chinese New Year and other important festivals are determined by them.


Chinese calendar.

The Chinese New Year, which is the first day of the first month, in the Chinese calendar is assigned to an animal. According to one belief, Buddha promised gifts to all animals that would pay him homage. Only 12 animals came to honor Buddha so, to favor these 12 animals, each one was given one of the 12 years of the Chinese zodiac. People born during one of the animal's years are said to inherit distinctive characteristics of that animal. The signs repeat every 12 years.

What animal sign were you born under?

The Chinese calendar is based on astronomical observations of the Sun's longitude and the Moon's phases. It is believed to have been introduced by Emperor Huangdi (or Huang Ti) at some stage around 2600 to 3000 years BCE. According to legend, the emperor invited the calendar in 2637 BCE. This calendar predates the Gregorian calendar, which was introduced in 1582. The Chinese lunar calendar is used to determine festivals, so the dates of these festivals vary each year. Various Chinese communities around the world also use this calendar.


Symbols

Chinese New Year has various symbols and traditions. For example, flowers are an important part of New Year decorations. Two flowers that are often associated with Chinese New Year are the plum blossom (courage and hope) and the water narcissus (good luck and fortune). Writings that refer to good luck are often seen in homes and business environments. They are usually written by brush on a diamond-shaped piece of red paper. Tangerines and oranges are also displayed in many homes and stores as a sign of luck and wealth.

Envelopes with money (Hong Bao, Ang Pao, or Lai See), often come in the color red, which symbolizes happiness, good luck, success and good fortune. The color red is also used on these envelopes to ward off evil spirits. These envelopes are mainly given as presents to children. Each Chinese New Year is associated with an animal name for one of 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac.


Chinese Traditional Festivals

New Spring Festival        Lantern Festival        Qingming Festival      Duanwu Festival
Double Seventh Day   Middle-Autumn Festival     Double Ninth Festival       Winter Solstice

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