Chinese Culture

Chinese Traditional clothing


With over 5,000 years changes in different historical stages of ancient China's economy, politics and culture.,Chinese Traditional Clothing can still be easily told apart from others, all because of its unique features. Some of the general features include: cross-collar with junction leading to right, no buttons but tying with sash on the waist. In addition, there are many other detailed features that make the unparalleled style of Chinese clothing unique. 


Features of Chinese Clothing

Chinese clothing features is very distinctive and with profound Chinese culture.Because of relatively plain design and structure of traditional Chinese clothing, embroidered edgings, decorated bands, draped cloth or silks, patterns on the shoulders, and sashes were often added as ornamentation. These varied designs came to be one of the unique features of traditional Chinese dress.
▲ Darker Colors: Darker colors were much more favored than lighter ones in traditional Chinese clothing so the main color of ceremonial clothing tended to be dark while bright, elaborate tapestry designs accented. Lighter colored clothing was worn more frequently by the common people for everyday use. 
▲ Colors and SeasonsThe Chinese associate certain colors with specific seasons: green represents spring, red symbolizes summer, white represents autumn, and black symbolizes winter. The Chinese are said to have a fully developed system of matching, coordinating, and contrasting colors and shades of light and dark in apparel.

▲ Red ColorRed is favorite for most Chinese people since Red symbolizes good luck in traditional mind. Chinese people prefer to wear in red when they are celebrating some important festivals or events in their life, such as wedding ceremony.


Types of traditional Chinese clothing 

▲ The pienfu is an ancient two-piece ceremonial costume of a tunic-like top extending to the knees and a skirt or trousers extending to the ankles.

▲ The changpao is a one-piece garment extending from the shoulders all the way to the heels.
▲ The shenyi is a cross between the pienfu and the changpao; it consists of a tunic and a skirt or trousers like the pienfu, but the tunic and the skirt are sewed together and essentially one piece like the changpao. Consequently, the shenyi was the most widely worn of the three types. Three types of clothing were wide and voluminous sleeves and a very loose fit. Tunic and trousers or tunic and skirt, utilized a very minimum number of stitches for the amount of cloth used.

Basic Styles of the Traditional Chinese Clothes

Generally speaking, the traditional Chinese clothes have two basic styles: a top-bottom clothes style and a one-piece clothes style. As the earliest form of clothing ever recorded in Chinese documents, the top-bottom clothes can date back to the period of Huangdi's reign (2697 BC-2597 BC), which consists of 'yi' (the upper garment) and 'shang' (the lower garment). The 'yi' refers to any open cross-collar garment worn by both sexes, featuring wrapping the right border over the left, and the 'shang' refers to any skirt worn by both sexes, highlighted by a belt hanging from the side.

Also known as 'shenyi' (deep robe), the one-piece clothing can be traced back to the late Zhou Dynasty (1046 BC-221 BC), and the "yi" and the "shang" are sewn as one although they are cut separately. Shenyi was widely adopted by various dynasties throughout the history of China, which was considered as grande toilette in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), and it still has a great influence on modern one-piece clothing...More 


Development of Traditional Chinese Clothes

The traditional Chinese clothes varied from one dynasty to another, from one area to another, and even from one class to another. Almost every dynasty had its own unique clothes, some of which were really exquisite beyond compare, including Pao (a closed full-body gown) of the Qin Dynasty (221 BC-207 BC), Hanfu of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), Shan (open cross-collar shirt or jacket worn over the yi) of the Wei (220-265) and Jin (265-420) dynasties, Beizi (similar to a modern cape) in the Song Dynasty, Magua and Qipao of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) and the Republic of China (1911-1949).


Highlighted Traditional Chinese Clothes

Each country has its unique traditional clothes in the world, from which you could distinguish one country from another, and so it is with China. China has 56 ethnic minority groups now, each of which has its own distinguishing traditional clothes. The highlighted traditional Chinese clothes are represented by the Tang suit, the Qipao (cheongsam) and the Zhongshan suit.

▲ Zhongshan Suit,Zhongshan suit was designed by Sun Zhongshan (or Sun Yat-sen) by combining the Western-style suit and Chinese clothes, which has become extremely popular among the Chinese people since its inception, especially during the Republic of China (1911-1949), and it features four pockets, five bigger central buttons in the front and three smaller cuff-buttons on either sleeve...More

▲ Hanfu,is a national formal wear which takes its name from the times of the Han Dynasty. A complete set of Hanfu, covers the clothing, clothing accessories, jewelry etc, and reflects the rituals of Chinese culture from that era....More

 

▲ Tang Duit, The term“tang suit”is originated from abroad. A Chinatown is a section of an urban area associated with a large number of Chinese within a city outside the majority. The local people always named the Chinatown as“town of people from Tang Dynasty”(唐人街)and called these Chinese“people from Tang Dynasty”(in Chinese唐人) since Tang dynasty was the most thriving, prosperous, splendid, and glorious period of ancient Chinese. Thus, the clothing worn by the Chinese is called“tang suit”....More

▲ Cheongsam,also known as Qipao or Chipao, is a traditional Chinese close-fitting dress for women. Its main characteristics are a mandarin collar, fitted waist, Chinese knotted buttons, hemmed slits on two sides, and a tailored form fit. It is usually made from satin brocade, silk, or cotton. Some are even beautifully embroidered. Aa a type of traditional Chinese female costumes, Cheongsam is featured by stand collar, right side opening, fitting waist and slip bottom, which can fully set off the beauty of the female shape...More


Chinese Traditional clothing - Chinese Culture - Zhangjiajie China Tours, China Travel Guide

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