Beijing Opera make-ups,also Peking Opera Make-ups, is a special kind of make-up method of Han cultural characteristics. About sources of facial makeup, the general view is that it comes from mask. Peking Opera make-ups art is an art very popular among majority of opera lovers. It is very popular at home and abroad. Peking Opera make-ups has been recognized as one of the traditional culture of the Han identity. It is an essential part of Chinese culture.
Features of the Beijing Opera Make-ups
There are three main features of facial make-ups: contradictory unity of beauty and ugliness, closely related to the role of personality and its stylized design. Facial make-ups is different in different situation. Sheng and Dan have simple facial makeup. They apply little powder, called "handsome play", "plain face", "and clear face." Jing and Chou have more complex face painting, especially the Chou are re-applied paint and design, so called "painted face." The opera mask, mainly referring to the Chou face painting. The Chou, because of its dramatic role to play, so the nose rubbed a small piece of white powder, commonly known as "small painted face."
Peking Opera make-ups originated in life. The shape of each person's facial features and contours are similar; physiological layout also have certain rules; the texture of the facial muscles and the characters age, physiological, experience and the natural conditions of life are all closely related; so the Peking Opera make-ups is on the basis of life and the summary of life. For example, people often say people’s face, dark tan, scared pale, shy red, brown ill and so on. It not only the characters’ mental activity, reveal the mental state and physiological characteristics of the performance, but also determine the mask color, line , patterns and design foundation. Although facial make-ups comes from life, but it is magnified and exaggerated. Novel and rap art historical figures’ exaggeration and the image description are also the basis for the source of Peking Opera make-ups. Such as Guan Yu slanted eyes and lying silkworm eyebrows, Zhang Fei's leopard head and round eye, all of these descriptions were opera makeup draw down on the opera stage which is particularly obvious highlight.
Facial makeups come from the stage. Everyone can see a variety of different styles of porcelain mask image on some large buildings, the packaging of goods, as well as the clothes people wear. This is far beyond the scope of application of the stage, which shows the status of art in people's minds facial makeups occupied, indicating facial makeup has a strong vitality. Many international friends and the domestic Chinese opera lovers out of curiosity and love, are exploring the mysteries of facial makeups.
We see the facial makeups can be broadly grouped into two categories, one is arts and crafts facial makeups. The author of such facial makeups, according to their own imagination, use painting, weaving, embroidery and other techniques to produce various shapes on the plaster material face, with diverse color patterns, such facial makeup has some ornamental value! The other is the stage practical facial makeup. Such facial makeup is based on the needs of the story and the characters, the actors in the face with exaggeration lays out have different colors, different designs and patterns.
Colors of Facial Makeups
Peking Opera facial makeup is very particular about color. The colorful facial makeup products have many sources, but is definitely not just to look good. Different meanings in different colors to draw the outline of the pattern, the figure has unique character.
The general meaning of facial makeups’ colors:
Red: refer to loyal, brave and brotherhood people while some are related to false man.
Black: refer to straightforward, resolute, bravery and wisdom while the others mean dark skin and ugly face.
White: refer to insidious, treacherous and opinionated figure while it also means elderly people.
Purple: refer to the figures who are upright mighty, not pro elite.
Yellow: means brave and irritable.
Golden: refer to god or goodness.
Blue: mighty and cattiness
Green: tenacious and irritable.