Jinchang City, located in the east section of the Hexi Corridor of Gansu Province, is honored as “Nickel City of the Country" because it abounds with nickel and has a lot of nickel mines and enterprises. In January 2014, it was named as “National Garden City" by Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.
Facts of Jinchang
Chinese Name: 金昌市 (jīn chāng shì)
Area: 9,593 square kilometers (3,704 square miles)
Nationalities: HanNationalities: Han,Hui,Mongol
Administrative Division: 1 district (Jinchuan); 1 county (Yongchang)
Seat of the City Government: No.82, Xinhua Road, Jinchuan DistrictArea: 9,593 square kilometers (3,704 square miles)
History of Jinchang
Jinchang has a long history. As far back as 4,000 years ago, in primitive clan society, human beings began to live here. In the Shang and Zhou dynasties, it was the pastureland of the Xirong nationality. From Autumn and the Warring States Periods to the Qin Dynasty, the Rouzhi nationality settled and pastured here. As early as 4,000 years ago, ancestors of Gansu People entered the primitive clan society. Before the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD) established shires and counties to administrate this area, it was successively dominated by several ethnic regimes.
Geography of Jinchang
Location: Jinchang City is located in northwestern Gansu Province at the north foot of the Qilian Mountains. It neighbors Wuwei City in the southeast within the province, and shares boundaries with Qinghai Province in the southwest and Inner Mongolia in the northwest.
Physical Features: The terrain of the city basically declines from south to north, and its land interleaves mountains and plains. Southern Jinchang is comprised of vast mountainous area. In the central, there are basins, oasis plains and mountain valleys dotted peaks. Desert plain is mainly distributed in northern area.
The main landscape is mountains and plains. The Gobi, the oasis and the desert stretch from east to west. The imposing Lenglong Ridge with its branches in southwest Qilian Mountain is known as “Skyscraping Peaks". The Lenglong Ridge, the highest peak in the area, is 4,442 meters above sea level and covered by everlasting snow. Natural forests and alpine meadows are distributed throughout the mountain. Its vegetation rate reaches 75% and is an important water conservation area of Jinchang. From time immemorial there has been the verse “Snow on Qilian gleams white, grass on Yanzhi is a big cushion." The region has been a prestigious natural pasture.
Top Jinchang Attractions
Jinchang is a newly developing tourist city along the ancient Silk Road. Its tourism resources are unique. Top Jingchang Attractions include: Shengrong Temple, Bell and Drum Tower,Qilian Hegou Scenic Area, Liqian Ancient City,Badain Jaran Desert,Jinshui Lake
|Liqian City Ruins||Badain Jaran Desert Scenic Area||Jinchuan Park|
Shengrong Temple: In the Yushan Gorge at the end of the Jinchuanxia Reservoir stands the famous temple in northwestern Gansu, Shengrong Temple. It was first built in 561, and once changed into Tonggan Temple in the Sui Dynasty (581-618). Pagoda of Tang Dynasty, Ruins of the Great Wall of Han and Ming Dynasty, tombs and stone carvings of Xixia Kingdom, as well as many other relics are well preserved in the temple.
When to visit Jinchang?
Jinchang has a continental temperate arid climate. So the whole area has adequate light, an arid climate and northwest wind all the year round. The temperature here varies greatly between four seasons. Frost season is quite long. Gales are frequent in spring. The temperature in the area is high in the north and low in the south; while precipitation is more in the south than in the north. The terrain slopes from southwest to northeast.
Jinchang bears a dry continental climate in temperate zone. It is rich in sunshine. Spring is windy and the temperature is unstable. Summer is the rainy season, and the cold air usually attacks the city in mid-September. In the dry and chilly winter, its average temperature will drops between -14.6C and -9.5C (14.9F -5.7F). On the whole, the local temperature varies greatly both during a day and the whole year. Best to visit Jingchang is in summer and autumn.
How to get to Jinchang?
Jinchang is 396 kilometers from Lanzhou, and there are direct buses at Lanzhou Bus Station located at No.133, Pingliang Road, Chengguan District. Jinchang Bus Station in Xinhua Road (East) offers buses to and from Lanzhou, Wuwei, Jiayuguan and many other places within the city or neighboring cities.
Jinchang Travel Tips
1. Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0935-8214499
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China Branch: Xinhua Road (East), Jinchuan District
China Post Branch: No.87, Xinhua Road, Jinchuan District
2. Special Local Products: trout
3. Activities and festivals: Jinchangmainly include the temple fair on 8th of the fourth lunar month, Liqian fish scales battle formation, Jiezi dancing, Roman legion’s battle formation, Animal fighting performance, and lanterns arrayed in “卍" in Mobola. These activities provide visitors opportunities to know about and experience the ancient customs.