Baiyin City, also called Copper City, is located in the center of Gansu Province,the upper reaches of the Yellow River. It occupies a converging zone of the Loess Plateau and the Tengger Desert. Baiyin City is bordered by Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the east and Inner Mongolia in the north. The capital city of the province, Lanzhou is adjacent to its west.
Facts of Baiyin
Chinese Name: 白银市 (bái yín shì)
Area: 21,200 square kilometers (8,185 square miles)
Administrative Division: 2 districts (Baiyin, Pingchuan); 3 counties (Jingyuan, Huining, Jingtai)
Seat of the City Government: No.100, Renmin Road, Baiyin District
History of Baiyin
Baiyin means silver. As the name suggested, the city is a treasure land, whose mining industry began as early as the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD). During the end of Tang Dynasty (618-907) to the start of the Song Dynasty (960-1127), it was once occupied by the Tubo Kingdom of Tibet. By the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), mine industry of this area reached its zenith, and hence its name. Early in the reign of the Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, it began to mine gold and silver in large-scale, with a daily output of several kilograms of gold. The Qing Dynasty(1644-1911) government decided to set up a mining administration named “Silver Factory", ten kilometers away from the Phoenix Mountain and Flaming Mountain. This is the origin of city’s name.
Geography of Baiyin
Located in the transition area from the Tengger Desert and the offshoots of Qilian Mountains to the Loess Plateau, the terrain basically slopes downward from southeast to northwest. The Yellow River zigzags through the city taking on a shape of 'S'.
In a narrow shape, Baiyin looks like a peach leaf in map and its southeast is higher than northwest. Traversed by the Yellow River in the middle of the territory, Baiyin has been divided into two parts, the northwest and the southeast. From northwest to southeast, Jingtai, Jingyuan and Huining counties constitute the stem of peach leaf. From west to east, Baiyin District, Jingyuan County and Pingchuan District line up in the center of the leaf. The total length of Yellow River flowing through city is 258km long, forming a basin area of 14710 square kilometers. The total area of Baiyin is 21.2 thousand square kilometers, covering 4.4% of the total area of Gansu Province. Baiyin is a city rich in mineral resources, such as copper, coal, clay, limestone and gypsum, etc.
Top Baiyin Attractions
Baiyin has rich and unique resources for tourism development. There are some prominent scenic spots in Baiyin City. Yellow River Stone Forest is a national geological park honored as “Chinese natural wonder" The sacred Huining County where the three main Red Armies historically realigned in the Long March, is the base for national patriotism education.
|Yellow River Stone Forest||Faquan Temple||Red Army’s Joining Forces in Huining|
The layout of its major tourism sites is “one belt with two wings and one line". One belt is the Scenic Zone along the Yellow River. Along the belt, you can find Jingtai Stone Forest, The Great Gorge, Jingyuan Yellow River Park, Silong Holiday Resort Village, Five Buddhas Temple, North Wudang Mountain, Water wheels and Sheepskin rafts. The two wings are the two sides of the Yellow River. On the northwest is Jingtai County, while on the southeast is Huining County. The natural landscape and red tourism are typical on the two wings -- Shoulu Mountain Changling Mountain, Tiemu Mountain, Quwu Mountain and Hasi Mountain as well as Huining Realignment Tower. One line is the Silk Road crossing from south to north Baiyin, along which are Ancient City Lachila, Guocheng Pass, Faquan Temple, Sierwan Grottoes, Five Buddhas Temple, Tiger City, Luyang City and Hongshuibu Fortress. Ancient cities, passes, grottoes and temples make up the cultural landscape along this line.
When to visit Baiyin?
Baiyin bears a temperate monsoon climate having both semi-dry and dry zones distributed. It enjoys an average temperature of 6C-9C (42.8F-48.2F). July to September gathers over sixty percent of the city's rainfall throughout the year. Best time to visit is in summer and autumn.
How to get to Baiyin?
Baiyin city is 78 kilometers from Lanzhou and only 70 kilometers from Lanzhou Zhongchuan Airport. Through the airport expressway, the Lanzhou airport can be reached from this city in one hour. City Bus Station stands in No.2, Renmin Road, offering buses to Lanzhou every twenty minutes. In addition, the tourist bus station is in No. 12, Shuichuan Road.
Baiyin Travel Tips
1. Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0943-8238333
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China Branch: No.186, Hongxing Road, Baiyin District
China Post Branch: No.76, Tiyu Street, Baiyin District
2.Special Local Products: lamb, lamb's coat fur, black melon seeds