Guangdong Province, which borders Fujian province to the northeast, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces to the north, Guangxi autonomous region to the west and Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions to the south, is situated on the southern part of China mainland.
Situated in the southernmost part of China's mainland, Guangdong Province covers a land area of 179,800 square kilometers , an island area of about 1,592 square kilometers and has 3,368 kilometers of winding coastline, which is the longest in the country. Rivers from all over the province discharge into the South China Sea, forming the fertile Pearl River Delta, which is one of the countries' most densely cultivated areas. Its capital city, Guangzhou, formerly known as Canton to the western world, is located in the north of this river delta. Due to its special geographical position, Guangdong has for long served as a window of the country to the world. Besides, local people have spread to almost every corner of the world, making the province the hometown of many overseas Chinese. Transportation between it and other places is also very convenient, especially between Hong Kong and Macau. However, sitting on the Chinese southernmost part, this place is frequently affected by typhoons, especially in summer time. Travelers should pay attention to the local weather forecast if they plan to visit the area during the typhoon season.
Guangzhou is an ancient city with a history of 2800 years. It is named 'the spring city' because with long summer the city is always with green plants and blooming with fresh flowers all years round.
Guangdong was far away from the centre of ancient Chinese civilization in the north China plain. It was populated by peoples collectively known as the Hundred Yue, who may have been Kradai and related to the Zhuang people in modern Guangxi.
Guangdong was made part of Lingnan Circuit, or Mountain-South Circuit, in 627 during the Tang Dynasty.
The name "Guangdong Province" was given in early Ming Dynasty.
In the 19th century, Guangdong was also the major port of exit for labourers to Southeast Asia and the West, i.e. United States and Canada. As a result, many overseas Chinese communities have their origins in Guangdong.
During the 1850s, the first revolt of the Taiping Rebellion took place in Guangdong.
As one of the most prosperous provinces in China, Guangdong Province is conveniently accessible by air, railway, highway and waterway. It is also the major gateway adjoining Hong Kong and Macau.
There are five civil airports within Guangdong Province, respectively located in Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou and Zhanjiang. The main airport is the Baiyun International Airport in Huadu District. Flights from Guangzhou New Baiyun International Airport connect Guangzhou with more than 70 domestic cities and over 20 international cities.
Guangzhou Railway Station located on the Huanshi Xi Lu, northwest of Guangzhou, can be reached easily by public buses.
Guangdong has established a land way traffic network system which connects major towns, cities, airports and harbors. There are highway coaches to and from many major southern cities in the country.
Guangzhou is located by the Pearl River. Boats sailing along the river can take visitors to Hong Kong, Macau, Haikou and Sanya.
Guangdong cuisine, known as Cantonese cuisine in the West, originates from Guangdong, the southernmost province in China. It is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China.
Guangdong cuisine is divided into three branches: Guangdong food is traditional Guangdong cuisine; Chaozhou food is similar to Fujian cuisine because Chaozhou neighbors Fujian Province. It stresses seafood and many dishes are served in soup. Its flavors are thick, delicious, and sweet.
Guangdong cuisine is unique and enjoys great fame the world over with its specific dishes and flavor.
Guangdong is also well known for its dim sum, snack-like delicacies of savory and sweet buns, steamed meat with vegetable and pastries. Dim sum is usually served for breakfast and lunch.
Guangdong has a humid subtropical climate, with short, mild, dry, winters and long, hot, wet summers. It has the highest temperature of 28℃ in July and 13℃ in January. Average daily highs in Guangzhou in January and July are 18 °C and 33 °C respectively, although the humidity makes it feel much hotter in summer.
Frost is rare on the coast but may happen a few days each winter well inland. The coastal regions are frequently visited by typhoons between July and August.
These are some tourists’ hot spots when they visit Guangdong. Baiyun Hill and Xiangjiang Wildlife Park in Guangzhou; Overseas Chinese Town and Guanlan Golf Course in Shenzhen; Yuanming New Park in Zhuhai; Dr. Sun Yat-sen's birthplace in Zhongshan; Mount Sijiao in Foshan; Qingxin Hot Springs in Qingyuan, etc.
By visiting these destinations, you can gain an understanding of China's history and culture as well as experience the customs and cultural differences both between their own culture and China and between Guangdong and other regions of China.
As one of the earliest open trading ports to outside world and the starting-point of Maritime Silk Road, Guangdong has a long history of commercial trade and acceptation to the exotic culture. It is also the origin of modern industry as well as the national industry.
Since the beginning of the reform and opening in 1978, Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Shantou have been set up as special economic zones while Guangzhou, Zhanjiang and Pearl River Delta are listed as open cities and areas. These factors have advanced Guangdong Province to a new stage of development. By now, it has been developed into one of the most developed areas of mainland China with the most dynamic market and attractive investment environment. Guangzhou, not only plays a role as the political center of the province, but also the economic, scientific, educational and cultural center. Canton Fair, also called China Import and Export Fair is held twice yearly here and provides great opportunities for international trade between the country and the rest of the world. Shenzhen is well-known for its electronic industry while Dongguan, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Shunde, etc have many factories making household appliances. Many transnational enterprises have set up branches or factories in these cities. Besides, a production base of grain, fruit and sugarcane has grown up around Pearl River Delta; a production base for tropical crops has been developed on Leizhou Peninsula.
Local Festivals and Events
As well as the traditional Chinese festivals or activities like Spring Festival and Lantern Festival, this province has some characterized activities. Pearl River Cruise has been a must for those visitors to Guangzhou, which provides picturesque scenery along the third longest river of the country. Canton Fair, held every April, 15 to 30 and October 15 to 30 attracts numbers of businessmen; next time, those attending may take a tour in or around the city to explore its true beauty. Guangzhou International Food Festival, which is held annually in October or November, is a famous tourist festival mainly about food, entertainment, trade and tourism. Yangjiang Kite Festival held on Chongyang Festival (9th day of the 9th Chinese lunar month) has attracted kite enthusiasts from both home and abroad every year. The Yangjiang kite, with a history of 1,400 years, is attractive in appearance, elaborate in structure and vivid in expression; it has also been the representative of Chinese southern kites. There are also many other local activities such as China Tourism Art Festival & Guangdong Carnival, International Tourism Cultural Festival, etc. All in all, it is graceful and charming. What you need to do is explore and experience its many facets!
Travel to Guangdong
Passport holders of 53 countries and regions can stay 144 hours visa-free in Guangdong if they enter from Guangzhou Baiyun Airport, Shenzhen Bao'an Airport or Jieyang Chaoshan Airport and leave from any port in Guangdong for a third country. The policy has been approved, but not implemented yet. Please pay attention to the latest information and confirm with your airline before taking the plane.