One of the better known tourist destinations of Southern China, and indeed the whole of China, Guilin, which is a name that literally means Sweet Osmanthus, is a prefectural city that has a tourism sector driven by one of the best sights in the entire world, the Li River.With a very rich plant life that embodies far more than the dominant Sweet Osmanthus, Guilin is a region of Southern China which is sectioned off from main China by some naturally occurring boundaries, including the Nan Mountains, accounting for the logic behind its prefectural administrative status but this bodes very well for the tourism industry of the region.About a dozen small ethnic groups call Guilin home, which is part of the Guangxi autonomous region, with the Zhuang ethnic group dominating. Guilin is one of the three largest of the Guangxi region, coming in at number three, behind Nanning and Liuzhou.
Guilin is located 109°E longitude and 24° N latitude in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The Guilin Government area covers an area of 4,195 square kilometers. It is in a basin surrounded by the Yuecheng Range, Ocean Hill, Jiaqiao Range and Tianping Hill. Guilin is located almost due west of Hong Kong and about 1 hour by air. The Li River meanders through Guilin from north to south. Most of Guilin lies on the western bank of the Li River.
The main artery is Zhongshan Lu, which runs roughly parallel to the river on its western side. At the southern end of this street is Guilin Railway Station. Zhoangshan Lu is a rapidly developing stretch of tourist class hotels and retail shops. The city center is dominated by the central square which is surrounded by a number of good hotels, shopping precincts and commercial buildings. Guilin is built around its two rivers and lakes that are inter-connected. Many distinctive bridges crisscross the waterways. Those who enjoy walking can spend many hours wandering the beautiful river and lakes make Guilin what it is.
Like many other areas of even Central China, Guilin is a very densely populated region, largely due to a large influx of long-haul tourists, but also generically. Guilin covers 27 809 square kilometres which is a surface area that houses over 4.7 million residents. A variety of living conditions and lifestyles is evident throughout the region, which is to be expected, given the extensive history and different ethnicities in the area.
As far as the languages go, diversity doesn't even begin to explain how an area such as Guilin can have so many different languages and dialects of Chinese and Mandarin.
Guilin languages include Mandarin, Zhuang languages, Cantonese, Mienic languages,the Lakkja language, Chinese, Vietnamese, Mandarin Chinese, Mandarin, Arabic, Dungan, other Chinese dialects, Miao and Dong, which makes for a cocktail of different cultures and ways of life, mixed in with a great tourist inclination, so languages like English make their way into the mix, if only to serve the booming tourism market.