Guilin City, one of the most famoust tourist cities in the world, is situated in the northeast of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in China, right in the South side of the Hunan-Guangxi boarder, as a famous
cultural city and one of the national tourist cities. Guilin has been enjoying a reputation of "Guilin Scenery is the best in the world".
In looking at the history of Guilin, the limestone protrusions (Karsts) give evidence of the fact that a large part of the area was completely submerged under the ocean, gradually rising over thousands of years to form what is today known as the prefectural region of Guilin.As far as the history of man in Guilin goes, settlements go as far back as 310 to 314 BC, with these early settlers drawn to the Li River banks. Formal documentation of the city goes on to a period of about 200 years later than this first settlement, during the Han Dynasty, which saw the establishment of the Shi An County.
The city then went through a period of identity redefinition, renamed Guizhou around 507 AD, after which it became Guilin in 1940.With such an extensive history, encompassing politics, land formations and human development, together with the sheer beauty of the city, make Guilin what it is today, one of the world's preferred tourist destinations, simply because of the sightseeing alone. Naturally, this spills over into other surrounding driving factors of the tourism sector.
Over ten thousand years ago, according to the discovered relics of Baojiyan Cave in Guilin urban and Zengpiyan Cave, Zengpiyan People had entered the matriarchal society.
Xia and Zhou Dynasties
During this period, there lived the Baiyue people.
Qin Shi Huang (214BC) set Guilin, Xiangjun, Nanhai the three counties, which is the origin of City’s name "Guilin", but the territory if not today’s Guilin. The Guilin Jun at that time was at Bushan, which is the southwest part of today’s Guipin.
Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms
Yuan Ding six years (111BC), Shian County was set in here, belonging to Jingzhou Lingling County.
In Han Dynasty, it was under the Shian Principality
During the Three Kingdoms, Guilin first belong to Shu and than belonged to Wu
In 265 years, there set Shian Jun Shian County, and the county was just at today’s Guilin.
Sui and Tang Dyansty
During Sui and Tang Dynasties, Guilin was under the administration of Lingnan Guizhou Main office
In 521, Lijing renovated the city at the north part of Qingxiu Mountian. In 634, it changed name to Lingui County.
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, Song Dynasty and Yuan Dyansty
During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, it first subordinated to Chu and than to South Han.
During Song Dynasty, it firstly belonged to Guangnan West Road Guizhou, then belong to Jinjiang Mansion.
In Yuan Dynasty, Guilin belonged to Guangxi Province.
Ming and Qing Dynasty
During Ming and Qing Dynasty, Guilin all subordinated to Guilin Mansion.
The Republic of China
In 1911, Guilin was the capital of Guangxi.
In 1914, Guilin was renamed Guilin County.
In 1940, Guilin City was set.
From Nov., 1944 to Sep. 28, 1945, Guilin was occupied by Japan. Later, it belong to Guangxi Province and had been the provincial capital of Guangxi.
People’s Republic of China
On November 22, 1949, Guilin was liberated.
In 1958, it was renamed Guilin of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, administrated Guilin city and suburban.
On July 1, 1981 and October 8, 1983, Yangshuo, Guilin Lingui was placed under the jurisdiction of Guilin.
On February 3, 1990, Gongcheng County was established to be Gongcheng Yao Autonomous County.
On January 18, 2013, revocation of Lingui County, Guilin Lingui District was set up
Guilin is also one of the 24 historical and cultural city in China. Guilin inhabit more than four minorities, Zhuang, Miao, Yao, Dong minority are most representatives, most of them remains keep its own customs, including clothing, festivals, food, religious beliefs, and even language and festivals, such as March Song Festival of the Zhuang, king of Yao celebration, Miao Lusheng (reed-pipe) Festival and Bull Fighting Festival, it attractive thousands of tourist visit every year.
Except the minority culture, Li River fishermen is another hot topic for tourist, Guilin has rich water resource, and with more than 200 specie of fish, there is a group live on the water by boat, and earn a living by fishing, the customs has been heritage for hundreds of years.Except the minority culture, Li River fishermen is another hot topic for tourist, Guilin has rich water resource, and with more than 200 specie of fish, there is a group live on the water by boat, and earn a living by fishing, the customs has been heritage for hundreds of years.