Guiyang is the capital of Guizhou Province.Located at the east of the Yunnan- Guizhou Plateau in the southwest of China, The city of Guiyang features low latitude, high elevation and diversified landforms. In the subtropical zone, Guiyang enjoys a warm and moist climate, which endowed the city with abundant biological resources. Guiyang is the home to some of China's most spectacular vistas, with verdant mountains, limestone peaks, the Huangguoshu Waterfalls. Guiyang embraces a large number of Places of scenic and historic interest, including Hongfu Buddhist Monastery, Jiaxiu Pavilion and Qingyan Ancient Town.Especially,on the eighth day of the fourth lunar month every year, it is the traditional festival "Si Yue Ba" of the Miao nationality. On that day, the young Miao peoples living in Guiyang and nearby converge at the city center for a celebration. Dressed in their holiday costumes, they dance and sing all night long.It is the reason that attracts tourists from home and abroad to visit in recent years. Read More: Guiyang Festivals
The old city of Guiyang was constructed during the Yuan Dynasty (which was founded by Kublai Khan and the Mongols) in 1283 AD, and was originally named Shunyuan, meaning “obeying the Yuan.” They were, however, no more than military outposts, and it was not until the Yuan (Mongol) invasion of southwest China in 1279 that the area was made the seat of an army and a “pacification office.” Read More: Guiyang History & Culture
Geography of Guiyang
Guiyang City is located in the middle of Guizhou hill-plateau, on the watershed between Yangtse River and Pearl River, higher in the southwest and lower in the northeast. Miaoling Mountain extends in the boundaries, hills undulate and the hills of denudation alternate with basins, valleys and depressions. The relative difference in elevation is about 100-200 m. The highest peak, 1659 m above sea level, is in Miaowoding, Shuitian Town and the lowest place, 880 m above sea level, is in the exit mouth of Nanming River. In the middle of Guiyang, the stratified landform is obvious, mainly including Guiyang, Zhongcaosi synclinal basin and Baiyun, Huaxi, Qingyan multistage tableland as well as corroded depression. Peak cluster and dish-structure depression, funnel, underground stream, karst cave are developed.
Administrative Division: There are six districts of Guanshanhu, Yunyan, Nanming, Huaxi, Wudang, Baiyu, one county-level city of Qingzhen and three counties of Xiuwen, Xifeng and Kaiyang.
Population: Guiyang boasts a population of 3.4 millions (2010). Guiyang is a multi-nationalities city. Apart from the Han, there are 36 minority ethnic groups, including the Miao, Buyi, Dong, Yi, Shui, Hui, Gelao, Zhuang, Yao, Manchu, Bai, Mongolian, Qiang and Tujia. Nationalities like Buyi and Miao account for 77.65% of the total minority populations. The most populous minority ethnic group was the Miao, and less populous are the Buyi, the Dong, and the Tujia.
Climate & Weather of Guiyang
Guiyang has a four-season, humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cwa), tempered by its low latitude and high elevation. It has fairly mild winters, warm summers and a monsoon season, where the majority of the year's 1,118 mm (44.0 in) of precipitation falls. The mean temperature in January is 5.8 °C (42.4 °F) and for July 24.5 °C (76.1 °F). Rain falls throughout the year, with occasional flurries in winter. At only 1150 hours of sunshine, it is also one of China's least sunny cities. Relative humidity is consistent throughout the year...Read More: Guiyang Climate & weather
Guiyang is the supporting point of the "golden triangle" tourist area in Guizhou. As a typical karst development region, Guiyang has characteristics of “grotesque mountain, clear water, beautiful stone, strange cave” natural karst landscape and cultural tourism resources. Guiyang has natural scenery with mountains, water, forest, caves for the characteristics of the plateau, cultural landscape that cultural connotation is extremely rich, and ethnic customs of primitive simplicity that is rich and colorful. Seven organizations such as the United Nations, the Asia-Pacific organization rewarded Guiyang as the top summer resort of China with the reason of "Guiyang has the advantage of comfortable average temperature in summer especially in the hottest month". Read More: Guiyang Atrractions
Economy of Guiyang
Guiyang is the economic and commercial hub of Guizhou Province. Coal is mined in the locality of Guiyang and Anshun, and there are large thermal generating plants at Guiyang and Duyun, supplying electricity for the city’s industry. A large iron and steel plant came into production in Guiyang in 1960, supplying the local machinery-manufacturing industry.
Large deposits of bauxite have been discovered to the north, and by the 1970s Guiyang had become a major producer of aluminum. Guiyang also manufactures industrial and mining equipment, as well as railway vehicles and equipment. It has a large chemical industry, producing fertilizers, and a rubber industry, manufacturing automobile tires. Guiyang also has textile plants and makes glass, paper, and other consumer goods.
Last：Guiyang History & Culture Next：None