Hebei Travel Guide
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Hebei Travel Guide

Hebei,short for "Ji is located in the North China Plain which  is a northern province of China. Its one-character abbreviation is Ji, named after Ji Province, a Han Dynasty province (zhou) that included southern Hebei. The name Hebei means "north of the (Yellow) River".A common alternate name for Hebei is Yānzhào, after the state of Yan and state of Zhao that existed here during the Warring States Period of early Chinese history. In 1928 Hebei was formed after the central government dissolved the province of Zhili,Hebei which means "Directly Ruled (by the Imperial Court)".Shijiazhuang is the capital city of Hebei Province.

Hebei Facts

Location: on the back of Bohai Sea in north of China
Area: with an area of 188,800 square kilometers
Capital: Shijiazhuang City
Nationalities: Han,Hui, Mongol,Manchu

Tourist Cities in Hebei

Shijiahzuang CityChengde CityQinhuangdao City
       Shijiazhuang       Chengde       Qinhuangdao





Geogaraphy of Hebei

Hebei completely surrounds Beijing and Tianjin municipalities (which also border each other). It borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast. Bohai Bay of the Yellow Sea is to the east. A small part of Hebei, an exclave disjointed from the rest of the province, is wedged between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

History of Hebei

Plains in Hebei were the home of Peking man, a group of Homo erectus that lived in the area around 200,000 to 700,000 years ago. Neolithic findings at the prehistoric Beifudi site date back to 7000 and 8000 BCEDuring the Spring and Autumn Period (722 BC - 476 BC), Hebei was under the rule of the states of Yan in the north and Jin in the south. Also during this period, a nomadic people known as Dí invaded the plains of northern China and established Zhongshan in central Hebei. During the Warring States Period (403 BC - 221 BC), Jin was partitioned, and much of its territory within Hebei went to Zhao.The Qin Dynasty unified China in 221 BC. The Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD) ruled the area under two provinces (zhou), Youzhou Province in the north and Jizhou Province in the south. At the end of the Han Dynasty, most of Hebei came under the control of warlords Gongsun Zan in the north and Yuan Shao further south; Yuan Shao emerged victorious of the two, but he was soon defeated by rival Cao Cao (based further south, in modern-day Henan) in the Battle of Guandu in 200. Hebei then came under the rule of the Kingdom of Wei (one of the Three Kingdoms), established by the descendants of Cao Cao. In the later Dynasties, Hebei become a history center of China.The founding of the People's Republic of China saw several changes: the region around Chengde, previously part of Rehe Province (historically part of Manchuria), and the region around Zhangjiakou, previously part of Chahar Province (historically part of Inner Mongolia), were merged into Hebei, extending its borders northwards beyond the Great Wall. The capital was also moved from Baoding to the upstart city of Shijiazhuang, and, for a short period, to Tianjin.

What to see in Hebei ?

Hebei is a beautiful province in north China.The visitor to the province has the unequalled opportunity to view many relics that can be found in this beautiful province. Top attractions in Hebei.The east end of the Ming Great Wall -Shanhaiguan (Shanhai Pass), near Qinhuangdao City. Baidaihe, located near Shanhaiguan, is a popular beach resort wellknown as a former meeting place for top governmental officials. The Chengde Mountain Resort and its outlying temples are a World Heritage Site. Also known as the Rehe Palace, this was the summer resort of the Manchu Qing Dynasty emperors. And a number of Tibetan Buddhist and Han Chinese temples in the surrounding area. Qing Dynasty imperial tombs at Zunhua (Eastern Qing Tombs) and Yixian (West Qing Tombs). Zhaozhou Anji Bridge, built by Li Chun during the Sui Dynasty, is the oldest stone arch bridge in China, and one of the most significant examples of pre-modern Chinese civil engineering. Xibaipo, a village about 90 km from Shijiazhuang, was the location of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the headquarters of the People's Liberation Army during the decisive stages of the Chinese Civil War between May 26, 1948 and March 23, 1949, at which point they were moved to Beijing. Today, the area houses a memorial site.

Chengde Summer PalaceBeidaihe Scenic AreaXibaipo Village
     Chengde Summer Palace     Beidaihe Resort     Xibaipo Village
Jinshanling Great WallZhaozhou BridgeLaolongtou Great Wall
     Jinshanling Great Wall     Zhaozhou Bridge   Shanhaiguan Great Wall

When to visit Hebei?

Hebeip Province enjoys a temperate monsoon climate features cold winter, hot summer, windy spring and cool autumn. The annual temperature averages 4℃-13℃ and the annual precipitation ranges from 400-800mm. It has 110-220 free-frost days. The best time to visit Hebei is in May,Jun,Septemper and October.

How to get there?

Air-Shijiazhuang Civil Aviation opens 47 airlines to 47 domestic cities and international airlines to Hongkong and Russia. Shanhaiguan Airport in Qinhuangdao has 25 scheduled airlines to 27 cities. Handan Airport was accomplished in 2007, providing airlines to Dalian, Shanghai, Xian, Xiamen, Zhejiang, Chongqing, Wenzhou etc. Tangshan Sannvhe Airport was put into practice in 2010. 
Railway-As you know, Beijing and Tianjin are surrounded by Hebei Province. All the trains departing towards South China from the two cities will pass through Hebei Province. About 25 main railways run through Hebei province. In order to meet the need of convenience of tourists, there are special trains from Beijing to Chengdu, Qinhuangdao, Beidaihe and Yesanpo National Park. 
Highway-Hebei Province covers 27 national highways. The network of highway in Hebei province is centered Shijiazhuang City, extending to Inner Mongolia, Shandong Province, Shanxi Province and Henan Province. So you can enjoy your travel and not fell anxious about transportation. 
Waterway-Hebei owns convenient shipping conditions. From south to north, there are Huanghua Port, Tianjin Port, Jingtang Port Area of Tangshan Port, Qinhuangdao Port as well as Caifeudian Port in Tangshan. 

Local Specialties: Guan willow knit, Chengde Wooden carving, Tangshan pottery, Teng Family cloth painting 
Local Food: Braised Chicken (Paji) of Shijiazhuang, the Motley Noodles (Zamian) of Xiaoyang, the Honey Twist (Fengmi mahua) of Tangshan, the Prawns (Duixia) and Sea Crabs (Haixie) of Qinhuangdao , Donkey meat pie (Lvrou Huoshao) of Baoding, almond juice (Xingrenlu) of Chengde and the Songhua Duck Eggs (Songhua dan) etc. 

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