Henan Province is located in the Central-eastern China. The name of the province Henan comes from its geographic location. Henan means 'the south of the river', indicating that the province lies south of China's Yellow River. According to the historical data, the Chinese name of China (Zhongguo, 中国) originated from Henan Province, because in ancient times, 'China' (Zhongguo) meant the center of a country which referred to the area of Henan Province centering Luoyang City.Lying in the middle and lower reaches of Yellow River, it plays the most important role in the development of Chinese civilization and Chinese nation.
Chinese Name: 河南
Chinese Pinyin: Hé nán
Location: Central China
Area: 167,000 sq. km
Population: 99.2 million
Capital City: Zhengzhou
Tourism Cities in Henan
What to see in Henan ?
Henan province is considered the cradle of Chinese civilization due to its location on the Yellow River. This rich historic heritage has endowed it with numerous historic treasures, from primitive dwellings to earliest wheel thrown pottery. The remains of some of the earliest human settlements have been unearthed here, including the over 7000-year-old Peiligang Culture Site, the 6000-year-old Yangshao Culture Remains and the 5000-year-old Dahe Culture Remains. All these cultural remains have profound significance in the history of Chinese civilization.
Henan Province is the most important birthplace of Chinese civilization. The long history leaves the province a lot of historical relics and religious sites, like White Horse Temple and Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang City, and Shaolin Temple and Mount Songshan in Zhengzhou. If you are interested in Chinese history and culture, Henan might be a good place to travel around. The highlight in Henan Province should be the Mount Songshan lying southwest of Zhengzhou (northwest of Dengfeng), and it is one of the most famous mountains in China because of the numerous scenic spots and historical sites, the magnificent peaks, and the grand old trees. Shaolin Temple, one of the most famous Buddhist temples in China, located near the base of Mount Songshan and has been included into the UNESCO World Heritage List. Shaolon Kung Fu is well know at home and abroad for its Zen culture and wonderful performance.
Luoyang City has been the capital of nine dynasties since the time of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770BC-221BC). There are many historical sites to be viewed in Luoyang as well as the opportunity to purchase replicas of the famed Tang three-glaze horses. Luoyang's Longmen Grottoes, famous for its grand treasure trove of Chinese Buddhist statues, are located 12km (7 miles) south of Luoyang. First sculpted and chiseled around 493 AD when the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) was moved from Datong City to Luoyang, the grottoes of Luoyang house an awe-inspiring collection of sculpted Buddha and other religious subjects.
Kaifeng City, one of the ancient capitals, also boasts the following buildings worthy of a visit: Iron Pagoda (Tie Ta) of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), Dragon Pavilion (Long Ting) - site of imperial palace of the Song and Jin dynasties - and the 1400-year-old Xiangguo Temple which is one of the most famous Buddhist temples in China. Also on view in Kaifeng are ruins of the Shang Dynasty, an important part of human cultural and historic heritage. The Shang Dynasty Ruins, also known as the 'Yin Ruins', are famous because of the unique style of the large palace and its grand mausoleums, in which emperors of the Shang Dynasty are buried. The bronze vessels of the Shang Dynasty, which were both finely decorated and popularly used by the citizens of the Shang Dynasty, are well-known at home and abroad.
When to visit Henan ?
Henan has a humid warm-temperate climate. Dry and windy in winter and spring, the province is hot and rainy in summer and bakes in strong sunlight during the autumn months. Rainfall averages about 600-1000 millimeters increasing from north to south, as does the annual temperature which increases from about 12.8C in the north to 15.5C in the south.
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