Shangqiu Ancient City is currently well-preserved, historical and cultural city in the national-level, which is located in the Suiyang district, the southern part of Shangqiu City,Henan Province. The application of Chinese traditional geomancy theory to the exceptional design of the ancient city of Shangqiu forms three main features, that is, the eight diagrams city, the watery city and city piles up city, as well as the trinity of inner city, city lake and city walls.The unique style of architecture can be reputed the model of ancient city in China.It is built in the period of Zhengde of Ming dynasty since 500 years ago.
What to see?
The main tourism area of the ancient city are historical sites, which combines human landscape with natural scenery. In the culture area, we can experience the charms of the Ming and Qing dynasties, visit Zhuanghui hall-the former residence of Hou Fangyu, who is a genius in the late Ming dynasty, and pursuit his moving love story with Li Xiangjun, who is a beauty in the Qinhuai area.In the South Lake resorts, we can enjoy 4000 acres' city moat tour, visit the ancestral temple of Zhangxun together with tasting the melancholy of defeating 130 thousand people with thousands soldiers in protecting Suiyang district, and appreciate the calligraphy materials of Yan Zhenqing-the famous calligrapher of Tang dynasty in the Baguan Study, then take a look at the Yingtian academy that is classified the top of the four college academies in the North Song dynasty.
There is a broad and beautiful city moat around the inner city, owning over ten li in length and about one li in width, which looks like a jade belt to circle the city all around. Ten thousand acres' lake water is clear enough to see the bottom and ripples the waves. In the turn of spring and summer, the willow dances in the breeze and shares the shade; the waterfowl sings joyfully; the pampas grass sways in the wind; the lotus smells sweet. How wonderful and interesting it would be if you can look up at the attractive scenery of the ancient city, and look down at the lively fish swimming in the river, then talking about the past and today.The little island that stands alone in the center of the water, just like a slim, lovely and graceful fairy. It is more likely to imagine a lot and to be a slave of pleasure if you step on the top of the ancient city, overlooking all the scenic spots.
The exterior of ancient city is in the circle shape, while mouth shape in the interior. he whole shape is like an ancient copper coin. The shape of 93 streets is like a checkerboard. The topography of inner city is in the shape of turtle's back , high in the middle and low in the vicinity, and slightly inclining to the south. Overlooking the entire city, you can find the building group of gate towers and courtyard houses. From the period of Jiajing in the Ming dynasty to the early Qing dynasty, there emerges two prime ministers, five ministers and more than ten assistant ministers, grand coordinators, the troop commander, the renowned writer, and so on. Therefore, the architectures of official residence is quite a lot.
The ancient city of Shangqiu entails long-standing history and magnificent culture. Shangqiu, Suiyang, the country Song, Nanjing and Guide prefecture are different names in the different periods in the history of Shangqiu, as if pouring out its long and brilliant history. As early as 1986, the ancient city of Shangqiu was named as national historical and cultural city by the State Council. In 1996, the city walls of Guide prefecture was awarded the reputation of the national cultural relic protection units.