Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China . It is located on south coast of China, 60 km east of Macau on the opposite side of the Pearl River Delta, north to Shengzhen. It boards Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River, Wanshan Islands of Zhuhai in Guangdong Province to the south. It consists of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories and other 262 small islands.Originally Hong Kong was a small fishing village. Today, it is one of the world’s most cosmopolitan cities where the East truly meets the West. On 1 July 1997, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of China in an arrangement that would last for 50 years. Operating under the 'one country, two systems policy', Hong Kong maintains its own political, social and economic systems. English remains an official language and Hong Kong's border with China still exists. Now reunited with the mainland, visually stunning Hong Kong offers a warp-speed 'shop till you drop' lifestyle combined with enclaves of tradition.Hong Kong is a highly prosperous international metropolis now, and one of the third largest financial centers in the world. Hong Kong is Asia's leading financial, services and shipping center. It is famous for clean government, good law and order, free economy and sound legal system. It is known as the "Pearl of the Orient", "Gourmet Paradise" and "Shopping Paradise".
Facts of Hong Kong
Chinese name: 香港
Location: southern China
Dialing code: +852
Zip code: 999077
Official languages: Chinese, English
Currency: Hong Kong Dollar (HK$)
Main attractions in Hong Kong: Victoria Harbour, Victoria Peak, Hong Kong Disneyland, Ocean Park, Hong Kong Madame Tussaud's, etc
Since July 1, 1997, the Chinese government resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, and established Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR). HKSAR set up 18 districts: Middle Western District, Eastern District, Kowloon, Kwun Tong District, South District, Sham Shui Po District, Wong Tai Sin District, Wan Chai District, Yau Tsim Mong District, Outlying Islands District, Kwai Tsing District, North District, Sai Kung District, Sha Tin District, Tuen Mun District, Tai Po District, Tsuen Wan District and Yuen Long District.
♦ In Hong Kong Island: Middle Western District, Eastern District, Wan Chai District, South District
♦ In Kowloon Island: Yau Tsim Mong District, Sham Shui Po District, Wong Tai Sin District, Kwun Tong District
♦ In New Territories: North District, Tai Po District, Sha Tin District, Sai Kung District, Tsuen Wan District, Yuen Long District, Kwai Tsing District, Outlying Islands District.
History of Hong Kong
Archaeological findings date the first human settlements in this place back to more than 30,000 years ago. It was first incorporated into China during the Qin Dynasty and mostly remained under Chinese rule until 1841 during the Qing Dynasty, with a brief interruption at the end of the Qin Dynasty, when a Qin official established the kingdom of Nam Yuet, which later fell into the Han Dynasty.
In January 1841, as a result of the defeat of the Qing Dynasty of China in the First Opium War, Chinese government was force into ceding Hong Kong Island in perpetuity to the British Crown under the Convention of Chuanpee, which was the beginning of British administration of Hong Kong. Since the 1842-1898, Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and New Territories have been ceded out in succession in two opium wars and the Sino-Japanese War. When peace terms were drawn up in 1841, the Emperor of China agreed that Hong Kong Island should be ceded to Britain and five other ports licensed for foreign trade. The British controlled Hong Kong from then on, apart from a four-year period during World War II when the territory was occupied by the Japanese. During the 1950s to 1990s, the city-state developed rapidly, becoming the first of the "Four Asian Tigers" through the development of a strong manufacturing base and later a financial sector.
Before the transfer of sovereignty to China in 1997, Hong Kong had been a British colony for nearly 150 years. As a result, most infrastructures inherits the design and standards of Britain. On 1 July 1997, under the principle "One Country, Two Systems", the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China took place, officially marking the end of Hong Kong's 156 years under British colonial governance.
And now, Hong Kong is famous for its transition port, transporting a significant volume of exports from China to the rest of the world, and it is also an important city for financial trade, tourism, fashion and entertainment. Hong Kong is a popular tourist destination as well as being one of the world's major business centres. It has over 260 outlying islands but only a few are inhabited. This means that Hong Kong offers a great range of contrasts, with numerous islands that provide a tranquil alternative to its frenetic energy elsewhere. Hong Kong Island is an eclectic mix of modern skyscrapers, colonial buildings and traditional temples.
Hong Kong Tourism
Tourism resources in Hong Kong are quite abundant. It can meet most people’s expectation for the trip, including traditional heritage locations throughout Hong Kong (such as Stilt houses in Tai O，Po Lin Monastery，Tien Tan Buddha Statu, Fu Shin Street Traditional Bazaar, Che Kung Temple, Man Mo Temple, Temple of Ten Thousand Buddhas), all kinds of churches (such as St John’s Cathedral, St Andrew's Church, Kowloon Union Church), museums (such as Hong Kong Museum of History, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong Heritage Museum, Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre), natural sites, theme parks, colorful architectures, etc.
Usually, the charm of Hong Kong to women would be shopping; to children should be the dreaming Disneyland. But the essence of Hong Kong tour would be its night view, you can a hangover in Lan Kwai Fong in Central; or riding the Star Ferry to enjoy the light show in Victoria Harbor; or take the Peak Tram to board the Peak to enjoy the overwhelming landscape of the night.