Hubei Province is located at the central part of the People's Republic of China, with short title of 'e'. It is rich in agriculture, forestry and hydropower resources. Agriculture and fishery are well developed in Hubei, with such main products like paddy rice, wheat, ramie, cotton, silk, tea, orange, fish, and vegetable oil, the outputs of which are among the top of the country. Its main industries include iron and steel, machinery, power and automobile. Its capital city is Wuhan.
Location of Hubei
Hubei Province lies in the middle reach of the Yangtze River with an area of 186,000 square kilometers. Situated 108'21"-116'07" east longitude and 29'05"-33'20" north latitude, it got its name from being in the north of the Dongting Lake. The terrain of Hubei Province is high in the west and low in the east and wide open to the south, the Jianghan Plain.
The province is surrounded on three sides (east, west and north) by mountains. Its low and flat middle part is a piece of incomplete basin slightly open towards south. Of the gross area, there are 56% mountains, 24% hills and 20% lowland lake area...More
Hubei has 12 municipalities, 1 autonomous prefecture, 38 municipal districts, 24 county-level cities, including 3 sub-prefecture cities, 38 counties, 2 autonomous conties and 1forest region.
Hubei History & Culture
Hubei, also called Chu in ancient times,is one of the most important parts of the Chinese Culture. In the Spring and Autumn Period (770-475 BC) and the Warring States period (476-221 BC), Chu was the largest country in area within the territory of Hubei with its capital at Jiangling for 400 years. The Chinese nation has called themselves the descendants of Emperor Yan and Emperor Huang for more than 5.000 years. Shennong, the Emperor Yan, was born in Suizhou of Hubei. Shengnong was the pioneer of Chinese agriculture and medicine, and the 5.000-year civilization of agriculture began in his time.
Hubei People & Population
Hubei has been said to be one of the originating places of the Chinese people. Today many minority ethnic groups live in this area including: Miao, Tujia, Dong and some others...More
The long history and the brilliant Chu culture endow the region with numerous cultural relics. Ancient towers, grottoes, city remains, imperial mausoleums, temples and nobilities' native places can be found throughout the province.
Hubei also boasts impressive natural scenery. The Three Gorges offers an unmatched painting of water and mountains. The World Famous Yangtze Three Gorges Dam Project is just located in this province, just outside of Yichang City. It is not only the largest water conservation project in China, but also the largest water conservation project in the world...More
Situated in South-central China, Hubei Province features a subtropical monsoon climate. The average temperature for a year is about 15° C (59° F). The Province has distinct four seasons with burning hot summer (June, July and August) and chilly winter (December, January and February). The hottest month, July, averaging 27-30°C and the coldest month, January, 1-5°C.
Aerial photo taken on March 18, 2017 shows a peach garden in Zhuhe Village of Xiaochang County,Jianghan Plain, central China's Hubei Province. (Xinhua/Du Huaju)
Basic Economic Statistics in 2011
In 2011, the Gross Domestic Products (GDP) of Hubei province amounted to 1.96 trillion yuan, up 13.8 percent over the previous year. It ranked top ten nationwide. Local public budget revenues reached 147 billion yuan with an increase of 45.4 percent and are among the top in the country. The fixed asset investment of the whole society rose by 28.7 percent and private investments grew 42.1 percent, accounting for 57.6 percent of the total investment in the province. The number of new projects worth over 100 million yuan stood at 1,427 with an increase of 405. The total social retail goods were valued at 792.78 billion yuan, an increase of 18 percent.
Education of Hubei
Hubei is one of the most well-developed provinces in education and scientific reaearch. There are over 120 higher learning institutions, including two of the Top Ten Universities in China (Wuhan University and Huazhong University of Science and Technology) and 7 key universities listed in the National 211 Project. Up to the end of 2010, the population of undergraduate student in higher learning institutions of Hubei reached 1.4 million and that of the postgraduate student reached 103 thousand.