Shiyan City is located in the northwest of Hubei Province, the upper and middle reaches of Hanjiang River. It borders Xiangfan City in the east, at the convergence of Hubei, Shaanxi, Henan and Chongqing. As a juncture of north, southwest and northwest China, Shiyan is of great importance in Hubei. Shiyan City has a total land area of 24,000 square kilometers, with jurisdiction of five countries, that is Yunxian, Yunxi, Zhushan, Zhuxi, Fangxian, and the city of Danjiangkou, two districts-Maojian, Zhanngwan, Wudang Mountain Tourism Special Economic Zone, and Shiyan Economic Development Zone, with a total population of 350 million. Shiyan is an automibile city, built up with the development of antomobile industry. It is the hometown of "Dong Feng Motor", known as " Oriental Detroit", a city that boasts greenery mountain, tourism and well-protected ecology.
Chinese Name: 十堰 (shí yàn)
Area: 23,727 square kilometers (9,161 square miles)
Administrative Division: 2 districts - Zhangwan & Maojian; 5 counties (Yunxian, Zhushan, Fangxian, Yunxi, Zhuxi); 1 county-level city - Danjiangkou
History of Shiyan
According to the archaeological discovery of the site of Qinglongquan in Yunxian County, the civilization of Shiyan can be traced back to the Neolithic Age. It belonged to Chu Kingdom before the Qin Dynasty (221BC - 206BC) set up county in the area, and the successive dynasties continued to follow this administrative division. It gained its present name in Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) for the ten dams built to help irrigation.
With a long history and splendid culture, Shiyan is an important birthplace of Chinese nation. In 1991, two intact pithecanthrope skull fossils explored by archaeologists at the Quyuan River of Yunxian, were named "Yunxian Man". The archaeologists believed that this discovery filled in the vacancy of the development of Asian human "roller chain". It was ranked as the top of "ten great discoveries of archaeological studies of the world" of that year.The current name "Shiyan" of the urban area, originated from the ten dams built in Qing Dynasty, on the Baier River and Jiang River for irritation.
What to see in Shiyan?
Shiyan is the origin of Taoism and "Wudang Martial Arts". Wudang Taoism has already had a history of thousands of years.Wudang ancient architectural complex has been listed into the world heritage by the UNESCO.Other Scenic Spots: Shennongjia Nture Reserve,Wulong River Scenic Area, Danjiang Dam, Saiwudang Nature Reserve.
|Wudang Mountain||Shennongding Scenic Area||Xuanyue Archway|
When to visit Shiyan?
Influenced by the Qinling Mountains, Wudang Mountains and Daba Mountains, the terrain of Shiyan undulates obviously. On the whole the landform is higher in the west and lower in the east, inclining from the north and south to the central part. On the banks of Han River, river valleys and basins are distributed in turns.
Enjoying a subtropical continental monsoon climate, Shiyan is warmer in winter and hotter in summer than other places at the same latitudes. June to August concentrates most of the rainfall and heat of a year. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit Shiyan.
How to get to Shiyan?
The in-town public buses and taxis are quite convenient in downtown Shiyan. Intercity bus line 202 directly leads to Wudang Mountains. Train, long-distance bus and flight are all possible means of transportation to Shiyan. Currently, people can fly here from Tianjin, Kunming, Hangzhou, Xian and Wuhan.
Shiyan Travel Tips
Local Highlights: Wudang International Tourist Festival (September or October)
Special Local Products: herbal medicine, tea
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0719-8683356 (Shiyan City), 0719-5665639 (Wudang Mountains)
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: 0719-8661067