Yangzhou is a prefeture-level city of Jiangsu Province. Yangzhou City is located about 225 kilometers to northwest of Shanghai.Situated in the middle part of Jianghuai Plain and on the north bank of lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Yangzhou has now been one of national tourist centers and has attracted tourists worldwide. As a prefecture-level city jurisdiction, Yangzhou governs three urban districts and four satellite cities/county.Yangzhou, where Marco Polo once served as a municipal official, is a city with a history of 2,500 years, tracing back to the Spring and Autumn Period when it was called Guangling. The city was one of ten cities in the world around 1800 A.D, which had the largest population over half million.
History of Yangzhou
The city has been well known for its once brilliant historic role in Chinese history and one of the first 24 cities that were announced as the Historical and Cultural Cities in China. Until the 19th century, Yangzhou acted as a major national political, financial and trade center and a transport hub duo to its excellent location at the junction of the Yangtze, the Grand Canal and the Huaihe River. This historical period had left Yangzhou a large number of treasures, including valuable architectures and arts, splendid culture and well-known celebrities.As the improvement of financial situation in China and in Jiangsu province, the city has been receiving more financial funding in an intention from the governments to protect its old town for tourism. The project may bring a spending of millions of dollars in coming years and those old houses, alleys, lanes, originally facing tearing-down, would be under the new protective by-laws.The flower emblematics of the city were approved by the city council in 1985 and 2003 and two flower species, viburnum and herbaceous peony, were selected. The city tree is Ginkgo.
Geography of Yangzhou
Situated on the northern bank of Yangtze River, Yangzhou is located in the middle of Jiangsu Province. The Grand Canal flows through the Yangzhou jurisdiction from north to south and merges into the Yangtze River at the southern boundary of Yangzou. Yangzhou borders two jurisdictions of Taizhou and Yancheng on the east, Nanjing and Tianchang of Anhui Province on the west and Huai’an on the west. Yangtze River divides Yangzhou, facing Zhenjiang across the river.
Yangzhou has 81 km of the riverbank of Yangtze River and two of its districts, Hanjiang and Jiangdu, and Yizheng city are located along the river. There are four major lakes on the territory of the jurisdiction, including Beima (White Horse), Baiying, Gaoyou and Shaobai lakes, which are the most important water resources for the region. Other natural resources include crude oil, coal, natural gas, hot spring and other minerals.
Climate of Yangzhou
Yangzhou has a subtropical monsoon climate with humid and changeable wind. The average temperature is 15°C with the hottest 39.8°C in July and the coldest 19°C in January in record. The raining season is from the middle of June to July and the annual average rainfall is over a thousand mm.
What to see in Yangzhou?
As a historical and cultural city, Yangzhou is a great city for tourists. There are more than 500 historical relics dotted in the everywhere of the city. Its cultural heritages, including lacquerware, paper cut, jade carvings, embroidery, have been selected by the Cultural Ministry of the State Council as China’s Non-material Culture Heritage. Most famous tourist destinations include Slender Western Lake, old residential structure Wang Residence, four public parks with a national reputation (Heyuan, Geyuan, ancient moated town, Puhading Cemetery), Daming Temple, etc.
|Ge Garden||He Garden||Daming Temple||The Slender West Lake|
Yangzhou is a city where the ancient historical relics and residences are well under protection by the municipal government to prevent from desmantling the city’s ancient structures with a construction excuse. The city was awarded the Habitat Scroll of Honour in 2006 by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme.
Each year since 2000, Yangzhou has sponsored two festivals to promote the city's popularity: the Flowery March Tourist Festival from the middle of April to the middle of May, the other, the Moon Cultural Festival from September 8 to October 8.
How to get to Yangzhou?
Today, Yangzhou is a middle size of Chinese cities which has owned a remarkable transportation network including highways, expressways, railway and waterway. There is only one hour of driving distance to the Nanjing Lukou International Airport.In the inner city, the public transportation including bus, taxi and cargo transport, shuttle buses to near cities or towns, provides convenience to the city’s commuters and visitors.
Culture and Folklore of Yangzhou
Talking about Yangzhou, you would never forget its cuisine, the Huaiyang Cuisine originating from Yangzhou, one of the four best known cuisines in China. The cuisine emerged in the Sui Dynasty (581 AD - 618 AD) and has a history spanning 1,200 years. Yangzhou Fried rice is a popular course in many overseas Chinese restaurants, plus many other famed dishes including Yangzhou Pickles, dumpling, sliced tofu, etc.
Survived local traditional arts include popular Yangzhou Ballad Singing, Puppet Show and Yang Opera. These demonstration arts have been popular since the Tang Dynasty, with a history of more than a thousand years, but is on the wane over years. They are listed on the National Non-material Culture Heritage.
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