Kunming is the capital of Yunnan Province, as well as the political, economic and cultural center and also the transport and communication hub of the province. Kunming has no bitter cold in winter and heat in summer with blossoms opening all the year round. Hence it has enjoyed the reputation of the 'Spring City'. With a history more than 2,400 years, it owns its importance to the fact that is was the gateway to the well-known South Silk Road that facilitated trade with Tibet, Sichuan, Myanmar and India.
From 1,500 m to 2,800 m above sea level, Kunming is located in the central part of Yunnan Province southwest of China. East to Qujing City, west to Chu Xiong Yi Ethnic Autonomous Prefecture, south to Yuxi City and north to Jinshajiang River, it stretches 237.5 km from the south to the north and covers an area of 15,561 sq. km. And then 20 km west from Kunming, there stands Xi Shan Scenic Spots. With many stories to appreciate, they are made up of Hua Ting Shan, Tai Hua Shan and Luo Han Shan. Every 3rd of March, Chinese lunar calendar, people have the custom to climb the hill for a bliss of the whole year.
The city of Kunming was founded over 2,000 years ago, but it did not gain prominence until it became the eastern capital of the Nanzhao Kingdom in the 8th century. By the time the Mongols swept through in 1274, Kunming, or Yachi as it was then known, was enough of a flourishing town to have attracted the attention of Marco Polo, who described it as a "very great and noble" capital city. The city's bloodiest period occurred during the Qing dynasty, with a series of Muslim rebellions. In the late 19th century, foreign influence appeared in the form of the French, who built a narrow-gauge rail line to Vietnam still in use today. During World War II, Kunming played an important role as the terminus of a major supply line (the famous Burma Road) in the Allies' Asian theater of operations.
It has a population of 4,670,000 among which the urban population takes 1,600,000 and most of them eat rice. Kunming is also a big forge mixed with multi nationalities. The minorities take 13 percent of the total who are good at singing and dancing.
Today, Kunming's wide streets, towering office blocks, and giant shopping centers all convey the impression of a modern, 21st-century city. A subtropical location and high elevation (1,864m/6,213 ft.) give Kunming a temperate climate year-round. Its days are filled with sunshine, making almost any time good for a visit, though the balmy months of September and October are especially fine.
Kunming is among top ten tourist cities in the country. .Kunming, also known as the "City of Eternal Spring",is the capital city of China's Yunan Province. Kunming is one of the most pleasant and relaxed cities in China. The city has more than 200 protected cultural relics at all levels, such as Stone Forest World Geopark, Dianchi Lake, Anning Hot Spring, Jiu Xiang, Yangzong Lake, Jiaozi Snow mountain and other famous scenic spots at national and provincial level such as World Horticultural Exposition and Yunnan Ethnic villages.