Lanzhou Travel Guide

Lanzhou Overview


Lanzhou City,once a key point on the ancient Silk Road,is the capital city of Gansu Province in northwest China.The city of Lanzhou is the transportation and telecommunication center of Gansu Province. Covering an area of 1631.6 square kilometers, it is a hub of the Silk Road Tourism Ring, with Maiji Caves to the east, Lanzhou Position MapBingling Temple Grottoes to the west, Labrang Monastery to the south and Dunhuang Mogao Caves to the north.

Lanazhou Facts

Chinese Name: 兰州

Chinese Pinyin: lán zhōu

Location: Northwest China

Time Zone: (UTC+8)

Area Code: 0931


Geography of Lanzhou

Lanzhou was an ancient city on the ‘Silk Road’ trade route between Europe and China because it is at the entrance of a lowland corridor called the Hexi Corridor. On either side of this big long valley, there are high mountains, deserts and plateaus that blocked travel to the north and south.

The Hexi Corridor is about 1,000 kilometers long, and the towns and rivers were used by traders, troops and travelers. On both sides of this corridor is inhospitable terrain. To the south are the Qilian Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau, and to the north are the Beishan Mountains and the Gobi desert.

The Yellow River, the Chinese Mother River, runs through the city, ensuring rich crops of many juicy and fragrant fruits.With mountains to the south and north of the city and the Yellow River flowing from the east to the west, Lanzhou is a beautiful modern city with both the grand beauty of northern cities and the prettiness of southern cities. 


Lanzhou CityPopulation of Lanhzou

About 3.2 million people live in the urban area.In and around Lanzhou are ancient Buddhist temple sites and shrines. Now, Lanzhou has a large Muslim minority of about 9% of the population.The people benefited from the trade through the area, and they were influenced by Western ideas and religions. 


Admistratives of Lanzhou

The city downtown of Lanhzou comprises five districts: Chengguan, Qilihe, Xigu, Honggu and Anning. Among them, Chengguan District, situated in the eastern part of the city, is the center of politics, economy, culture and transportation. Anning District, in the northwestern part, is the economic development zone as well as the area where most colleges are located.


Wheather of Lanzhou

Most areas of Lanzhou enjoy a cold and humid climate. The winter is long, dry and windy with an average temperature of 2℃. The illumination is abundant. The annual average rainfall is 558mm, fastening on July, August and September.The best time to go is between April and September when it is warm. There isn’t much rain during any month. Even in the summer, a jacket may be necessary...More


History of Lanzhou

At the early period of foundation of the People’s Republic of China, Lanzhou was belonged to Xiahe County of Gannan Tibet Autonomous Prefecture. 1956, the capital of Gannan Tibet Autonomous immigrated from Xiahe to Lanzhou which pushed Lanzhou into a new setup. Lanzhou City was founded formerly in 1998 after approved by the State Council...More


Tourism of Lanzhou

With Maiji Caves to the east, Bingling Temple Grottoes to the west, Labrang Monastery to the south and Dunhuang Mogao Caves to the north,Lanzhou is a hub of the Silk Road Tourism Ring.Some Silk Road-related Buddhist Temple sites and ancient construction, such as Bingling Temple (Thousand Buddha Caves) with 5th - 8th century cave shrines and stone statues...More Read: Lanzhou Attractions


Festivals in Lanzhou
Visitors interested in the local festivals and who do not mind the climate, go to the city in January, February, July or August for the following events.

Labrang Monastery in Xiahe County holds seven religious festivals annually, with the ones on the first moon and seventh moon being the most famous. The highlight of the 1st moon gathering is the Buddha Unfolding on the 13th day and the Yak Butter Sculpture exhibition on the 15th day. Tourists are welcome at these festivals.

Hua'er Folk Music Festival at Lanhua Mountain, Linxia County is held from the 1st to 6th of the 6th moon every year. Hua'er is a type of folk music. At the Hua'er Festival, Hua'er singers come from the neighboring areas and bring their talent into full play, singing impromptu song after song. This festival is of such importance that all the counties offer tour buses to the Hua'er performances.

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