Liaoning Province is situated in the south of Northeast China and faces Japan and Korea across the sea.Liaoning ,often called 'the Golden Triangle' because of its superior geographical location, includes boundaries on the Yellow Sea, the Bohai Gulf, and the Yalu River, which makes it the closest gateway to the Korean Peninsula. As the southernmost province of the three provinces in northeast China, its proximity to the sea has given it commercial and strategic advantages throughout its history.
English Name: Liaoning
Chinese Name: 辽宁 ( Laio Ning )
Abbreviation: 辽 (Liao)
Location: in the northeast China
Area:148,000 square kilometers
Population (2015): 43,8 million
Major Ethnic Group: Han, Manchu, Mongolia, Hui, Korea, Xibo, Tujia, Miao, Zhuang
|Shenyang City||Dalian City||Dandong City|
History of Liaoning
The history of Liaoning could be traced back to 400,000-500,000 years ago, when it was the activity region of our ancestor. During the Neolithic Age, besides ancestors of the Han nationality, ancestors of Donghu nationality and Suzhen nationality once lived here. Animal husbandry and handicraft industry had come into prototype and bronze ware came into use at that time.
As the birthplace of Qing Dynasty, Liaoning was under the administration of Shengjing Special Administrative Region (Shenyang nowadays). After the establishment of Republic of China, Fengtian Province was changed into Liaoning Province, after the establishment of Republic of China, Fengtian Province was changed into Liaoning Province.
What to see in Liaoning ?
Liaoning Province has frequent and quite special festivals that are not to be missed. Among them are: Dalian Spring Fireworks Festival, Dalian Chinese Scholar Tree Blossom Affairs, Dalian International Fashion Festival, and Shenyang International Ice and Snow Festival. Consider planning your trip to include one of the local wonderful festive events.
Shenyang Imperial Palace: In Shenyang, Liaoning's capital city, there is a Manchu version of the Forbidden City known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace. Built on the same principles as the Forbidden City in Beijing, although much smaller in scope, it was completed by Huang Taiji in 1636. Second only to the Forbidden City, it is the most intact imperial building in existence in China. The Imperial Palace is a museum that features extensive exhibits of jade, ivory, artworks of Ming and Qing dynasties (including paintings, sculpture, enamels and ceramics), musical instruments, and a large display of 17th and 18th Centuries military equipment. It was in this palace in 1644 that Shunzhi became Emperor before he crossed the Great Wall to invade China.
Fuling tomb & Zhaoling tomb: The emperors that built the Imperial Palace also built their burial sites in Shenyang: Fuling Tomb also called the East Tomb; and Zhaoling Tomb, also called the North Tomb. Emperor Nurhachi and his mistress are buried in Fuling Tomb. Nurhachi's son, Huang Taiji (the father of Emperor Shunzhi) and his empress are buried in Zhaoling. The large and beautiful Zhaoling tomb has been compared to the Ming Tombs in Beijing and is located in the enormous Beiling Park. A third tomb, Yongling Tomb, completes the famous tomb group known as the 'three tombs outside of the Great Wall'.
Liaoning Province is opulent in natural beauty as well as interesting attractions. Aside from the ones noted above, there are also: Fenghuang Mountain; Shenya Aquarium in Xinghai Bay Resort has more than 7,000 fish; Dalian's Nest Cliff and Tiger Beach, which has the largest aviary in China (18,000 square meters or 6,950 square miles) and possibly the largest animal sculpture in the world; the 300,000-year-old Yingkou Jinniushan Relic, Phoenix Mountain, and Bingyu Valley. We must mention Tiecha Mountain, which is located east of Benxi. Because its eastern, southern and northern peaks can be seen from three sides, it is also known as Jiu Ding (Nine Tops). Among this mountain's many caves is Yunguang Cave, which houses eight treasures: stone dragon, stone toad, stone fish, stone bed, stone lotus, stone longevity and 'the wind that calms the pearl'. This mountain, which is considered the birthplace of Taoism in Northeast China, has a great amount of interesting, ancient calligraphy carved into its rocks.
When to visit Liaoning?
Continental climate characterized by long and cold winters, warm and rainy summers and comparatively short and windy spring and autumn. January is the coldest month with an average temperature of -17Cto -5C, and July is the hottest with an average temperature of 21C-25C. Annual rainfall of this province averages from 450 millimeters to 1150 millimeters. Liaoning is the province in northeast China having the most sunlight, heat, and rainfall. The best time to visit is from May to October, but winter is also a pleasant time to enjoy the ice and snow scenery and winter festivals.
How to get there?
Air-There are 7 airports in Liaoning Province in total including Shenyang Xiantao International Airport, Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport, Dandong Langtou International Airport, Jinzhou Xiaolingzi Airport, Chaoyang Airport, Anshan Tengao Airport and Changhai Airport. Yingkoulanqi Airport, Dalian Jinzhouwan International Airport and Jinzhouwan International Airport are under construction.
Railway - The railway network in Liaoning province has the highest density. Many railways radiate to other destinations centering on Shenyang. Harbin-Dalian High-speed Railway and Panjin-Xiajiahe High-speed Railway have been opened separately in 2012 and 2013. Beijing-Shenyang High-speed Railway, Shenyang-Dandong High-speed Railway and Dandong-Dalian Railway are under construction.
Highway - Highways in Liaoning Province lead into other directions centering on Shenyang. Beijing-Shenyang Highway, Shenyang-Haikou Highway, Shenyang-Dandong Highway, Shenyang-Jilin Highway, Tieling-Maojiadian Highway have been completed.
Waterway - Dalian Port and Yingkou Port are two national important hub ports. Dandong and Jinzhou are two local important hub ports.
72-Hour Visa-Free Transit
From Jan. 1, 2014, passport holders of 51 countries and regions including USA, UK, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, etc. are granted a visa-free stay of up to 72 hours when taking an international transfer via Shenyang Taoxian International Airport and Dalian International Airport.