Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region(内蒙古自治区) is in the north of China, bordering Russia and Mongolia in the northwest. Inner Mongolia got its name because of the presence of large numbers of Monan ("Southern") Mongols in the area at the time the region became a part of the People's Republic of China. Before that, the territory corresponding to present-day Inner Mongolia became a part of the Republic of China after the fall of the Qing (CE 1644-1911) Dynasty (all of Mongolia had become a part of China by the close of the Qing Dynasty). But Inner Mongolia had not always been "Mongolian".
Inner Monggolia Facts:
Location: Border with Mongolia and Russia, in north of China
Area: with an area of 1.1million square kilometers
Capital: Hohot City
Nationalities: Han,Hui, Mongol,Manchu.Daur,Oroqen.Ewenki,Korean
Cities in Inner Mongolia
What to see in Inner Mongolia ?
The most attractive about Inner Mongolia is its natural beauty. Vast grasslands, including the Xilamuren Grassland, Gegentala Grassland and Huitengxile Grassland are all good places for a grassland experience. The mushroom-like yurts, bright sky, fresh air, rolling grass and the flocks and herds moving like white clouds on the remote grassland, all contribute to make the scenery a very relaxing one. While visiting the place you may try different activities such as Mongolian wrestling, horse & camel riding, rodeo competitions, archery, visiting traditional families and enjoying the graceful Mongolian singing and dancing. The best time to visit the grassland is definitely during the traditional Mongolian Nadam Festival period when there is a better chance to both participate and feel the lively atmosphere of the grassland life.
You can also visit deserts in Inner Mongolia. The deserts are located in the western part of the province: the most famous and visited ones are the Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert and Kubuqi Desert. Early autumn (from the middle of August to the end of September) is the best time to explore the desert as the temperatures are very temperate.
Inner Mongolia has a peculiar natural scenery, long history and brilliant culture. There are many historic sites in this area. Some of the key historic sites are:
Wudangzhao Monastery in Baotou is a vast complex and used to be the residence of the highest ranking lama in Inner Mongolia and now it is the only intact Tibetan Buddhist monastery there.
Inner Mongolia is the hometown of Genghis Khan (1162-1227), the great leader of Mongolians. Genghis Khan's Mausoleum, located 185 kilometers (about 71 miles) south of Baotou, holds his clothing buried in his memory.
Dazhao Temple is one of the biggest and best-preserved temples in Hohhot. Xilituzhao Palace is the largest surviving Lama temple in Hohhot.
Zhaojun Tomb, six miles to the south of Hohhot, is located on one of the most beautiful scenes of ancient times. A legend says that each year, when it turned cold and grass became yellow, only this tomb remained green and so it got the name Green Tomb (Qing Zhong).
Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda, also called White Pagoda, used to be a place where nearly ten thousand volumes of Huayan Scripture were preserved. It is an exquisite and magnificent brick-wood structure about one hundred and fifty feet tall.
When to visit Inner Mongolia ?
With a temperate continental monsoonal climate, Inner Mongolia has a cold, long winter with frequent blizzards and a warm, short summer. Except for the relatively humid Greater Hinggan Mountain Area, the greater part of Inner Mongolia is arid, semi-arid and semi-humid from west to east. It has a mean annual temperature of -1oC-15oC -- the hottest month, July, averaging 15-25oC and the coldest month, January, -30-10oC -- and a mean annual precipitation of 100-500 mm. The difference of temperature between day and night is great.
Climate in Inner Mongolia is very different during the year. Winter is cold and can be very long, with frequent blizzards. Usually summer is short and warm. The climate changes from arid to semi-humid from west to east, and to humid in the northeast. The annual rainfall is 80 - 450 millimeters, also increasing from west to east. The main feature of the climate here is that the different in temperature between days and nights is very big, so tourists should wear layer of clothes when traveling here.
How to get there ?
Airline-The main airports in Inner Mongolia includes Hohhot Baita (White Tower) Airport, Baotou Airport, Chifeng Airport, Hailaer Airport, Xilinhaote Airport, Wulanhaote Airport, Tongliao Airport etc.
Railway Station-19 national railway lines, 12 branch lines, and 5 local lines make up the railway system of Inner Mongolia. These lines connect with some bigger cities of China such as Beijing, Xian, Hailaer, Lanzhou, Yinchuan and so on.
Highway-Many national highways pass through Inner Mongolia Six bus lines to Mongolia and Russia has been completed, meanwhile, lots of implosive borders and pasturing area also set up highway. The transportation is more convenient than before.
become a part of China by the close of the Qing Dynasty). But Inner Mongolia had not always been "Mongolian".
Local Specialities: Mongolian Silverwares, Mongolian Carpet, Mongolian knife, Horse head string instrument, Ox horn handcrafts, Cashmere
Local Food: Roasted Whole Sheep, Roasted Gigot, Hand-tore Mutton, Millet Stir-fried in Butter, Crème, Ghee, Kumiss
Last：None Next：Hohhot Travel Guide