Hohhot (呼和浩特), the capital of Inner Mongolia, lies in the middle-east of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in northern China. Located between Yinshan Mountain and the Yellow River,Hohhot is the most important city in Inner Mongolia and is home to 36 different ethnic groups. Notable among these are Mongolian, Han, Manchu, Hui, Tibetan, Dawoer, Elunchun, Ewenke and Korean.
Chinese Name: 呼和浩特( Hǖ hē hāo tè )
Abbreviation: Hu (Hǔ)
Administration Type: Pretecture city
Location: in the middle-east of Inner Mongolia Region
Climate: temperate continental arid/ semiarid climate
Post Code: 010020
Area: 17,224 square kilometers(6,650.19 square miles)
Population (2010): 2.63 million
Major Ethnic Group: Mongolian,Hui
Located between Yinshan Mountain and the Yellow River, Hohhot City lies in the middle-east of Inner Mongolia Region.The city zone covers 17,224 square kilometers with a population of 2.63 milliom.
It administers 4 districts, 4 counties, 1 banner and 1 national level Economic and Technological Development Zone, including Yuquan District, Huimin District, Xincheng District, Saihan District, Tokto County, Horinger County, Qingshuihe County, Wuchuan County and Tolmud left Banner.
History of Hohhot
As one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization, the Hohhot has a long history dating as far back as 100 B.C.. During the Warring States Period, the King of Zhaowu built the Great Wall at the foot of the Mt. Yinshan and established Yunzhong Shire, which is located at the present Tuoketuo County, southwest of Hohhot.
From Western Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasty, Hohhot was named Shengle as the early capital of Tuoba Tribe, which rose in North China during that period. In 708, three cities in east, west and middle were built around the Hohhot. In the early 10th century, the Liao Dynasty set the Tiande army and Fengzhou County around Baita Village about 20 kilometers away from Hohhot.
In Ming Dynasty, a new city was built, 2 kilometers northeast of the old city. The old city and new city were known as “twin cities”, which were a common feature of the Manchu rule. In 1950, the People’s Republic of China established Guisui City. In 1954, the people’s government of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region changed the Guisui City’s name to Hohhot city and set it as the capital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.Hohhot has a long history of over 2300 years.
What to see in Hohhot ?
A famous historical and cultural city along the north boundary, Hohhot is home to more than 50 temples. Also, as a pearl of grassland, the natural surrounding of the city is particularly amazing.Hohhot is an ideal place to relax away from modern day pressure thanks to the magnificent natural beauty of theGegentala and Xilamuren Grasslands as well as fantastic cultural sites such as the Dazhao Temple, Five-Pagoda Temple and the Xilituzhao Palace. Here lists top attractions in Hohhot.
|Dazhao Temple||Zhaojun Tomb||Five-Pagoda Temple|
|White Pagoda||Xilituzhao Palace||General Government Office|
|Inner Mongolia Museum||Islamic Customs Street||Xilamuren Grassland|
When to visit Hohhot?
Hohhot city belongs to the temperate arid and semi arid continental monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. Significant temperature variations occur between day and night. The average annual temperature is 6 C (42.8 F). It is cold in winter with an average temperature of -10 C (14 F) and hot and rainy during summer with an average temperature of 15 C (59 F) to 26 C (79 F). The best time to pay a visit is from April to October, while the best time to go to the grassland is from middle July to early September as the weather is pleasant at that time.
How to get to Hohhot ?
As a tourist resort, Hohhot has a modern reliable transport network. Hohhot Baita (White Pagoda) Airport serves 70 international and domestic routes. It has direct flights to Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities. Hohhot Railway Station and East Railway Station have direct train connections with Beijing, Hailar, Baotou, Xian, Lanzhou, Yinchuan, Shanghai, Nanjing, Ningbo, plus international trains to Ulan Bator and Moscow. Daily buses link the city with other major cities including Beijing, Tianjin, Taiyuan, Datong, and Baotou. City-bus and taxi are available in the city.
The city of Hohhot brings together specialties from all over Inner Mongolia, ranging from Mongolian silverwares, carpets, cashmere, camel hair products, traditional knives, decorative deer antlers, narrow-leaved oleaster curtain, oatmeal and various dairy products to fancy Mongolian costumes.
Mongolian folk songs and wrestling are popular entertainments while ethnic delicacies and the friendliness of the local people add to the enjoyment of a stay here. Visitors can enjoy a wide variety of activities including horse riding, or maybe visiting the home of a herdsman's family or roaming over the vast grassland and of course there is the thrilling Nadam Fair.