Nanjing Attractions

Confucius Temple


The Confucius Temple, konwn as Fuzi Miao in Chinese, is located besides the Gongyuan Street northern riverside of Qinhua River. The Confucius Temple architectural complex mainly covers Confucius Temple, Xue gong, and Jiangnan Garden, which are all the highlight of Qinhua Scenic area. Confucius Temple is a temple to consecrate Confucius, the founder of philosophy of Confucianism in ancient Chinese history. With the wide spread of Confucian learning throughout East Asia, Confucian temples were also built in Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. But the most famous one is in Nanjing, China.


Confucius (Kong Fuzi)

Confucius was born in 551BC in the Lu Kingdom, south of Shandong Province. For showing respect to his knowledge, he was honorably referred as "Gong fu zi" or "sage Kong". As a great educator, he has many students all over China and his ideas was widely-spread.. After his death, his philosophical ideas were collected by his students after and written in the book named "The Analects of Confucius", which is the must-reciting book for passing exams in ancient China.


What to see ?

Confucius Temple revolves around the Dacheng Hall, which marks a axis lines between the Screen Wall and Weishan from south to north. It covers 26300 square meters and is well-blended with the surrounding high wall and delicate turrets. In the centre of the temple grows eight maidenhair trees, the center of which lies a straight Stone-paved path leading to the Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the temple. When coming to the main hall, the first scene comes to your sight is the bronze Confucius statue, 4.18-meter-high and 2500-kg-heavy, which is the biggest Confucius statue in China.Dacheng Hall is the main hall of Confucius Temple, 16.22-meter-high, 28.1-meter-wide and 21.7-meter-deep and the center of which hangs the portrait of Confucius, 6.5-meter high and 3.15-meter wide. In the hall displays an artificial chime, Stone and jade chimes, as well as other 13 kinds of musical instruments played for sacrificing Confucius in ancient times. These instruments would be regularly played for visitors to appreciate the charm of ancient Chinese music.


History of Fuzi Temple

The Confucius Temple is south of the city’s central district. The temple was first built on the banks of the Qinhuai River in the year 1034, during the Song Dynasty. During the past millennium, the temple was renovated, reconstructed, and enlarged, creating a large complex used by Confucian scholars. Next to it was the Jiangnan Gongyuan, the largest examination area for people taking the imperial examinations, and the Xue Gong, the Qing Imperial Academy for training mandarins to govern the vast empire. The Japanese destroyed the entire complex in 1937.

In 1984, the government constructed new buildings in the Ming and Qing styles. Around it, tourist shops, snack bars, restaurants and hotels were developed, and in the complex are shopping boutiques that feature local craft objects such as wood carvings and Yuhua Pebbles, commodities such as salted duck and tea, and manufactured souvenirs such as folding fans and silk fabrics. Inside the building is a large statue of Confucius and panels with jade, gold, and silver that illustrate the life of Confucius.


How to get there: Take the bus of No. 4, 7, 40, 44, 49, 62, 304, 2, 14, 16, 23, Tourist2, Tourist4, 26, 33, 43, 46, 63, 81, 87, 101, 102, 103, 106, 305 and get off at Confucius Temple.


Last:Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum Next:Qinhuai River


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