Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape, also known as Huashan Rock Painting, is located in Chongzuo County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.They are an extensive assembly of historical rock art that were painted on limestone cliff faces inGuangxi, southern China over a period of several hundred years at least. The paintings are located on the west bank of the Mingjiang River which is a tributary of the Zuo River. The area of the paintings is part of the Nonggang Nature Reserve and belongs to the Town of Yaoda in Ningming County.On July 15, 2016, Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape were listed as World Heritage Site. It is the 49th World Heritage Site in China.
The paintings are believed to be between 1800 and 2500 or between 1600 and 2400 years old.The period of their creations hence spans the times from the Warring States period to the lateHan Dynasty in the history of China. The paintings are attributed to the ancient Luo Yue people, who are believed to be ancestors of the present-day Zhuang nationality and inhabited the valley of Zuo River during this period.Carbon dating suggests that the oldest paintings were executed around 16,000 years ago whereas the youngest are around 690 years old.
The main painted area along the cliff has a width of about 170 metres (560 ft) and a height of about 40 metres (130 ft) and is believed to be the largest rock painting in China.The painting are located between 30 metres (98 ft) and 90 metres (300 ft) above the river's water level.It contains about 1900 discrete countable images arranged in about 110 groups.The paintings have a red color and were executed using a mixture of red ochre (hematite), animal glue, and blood. They depict human figures as well as animals along with bronze drums, knives, swords, bells, and ships.Human figures are typically between 60 centimetres (24 in) and 150 centimetres (4.9 ft) tall, but one figure reaches 3 metres (9.8 ft) in height.