Sanjiangyuan National Park, located in Northwestern China’s Qinghai province, is China's first national park which will be opened as scheduled in 2020. The Sanjiangyuan area, located in southern part of Qinghai province, is home to the headstreams of Yangtze, Yellow and Lancang (Mekong) Rivers. It is an important water source reserve and a protective screen for ecological security.
It is the first pilot program for China’s national park system. With a total area of 123,100 square kilometers, it will be established on the regions around the water sources, covering five sub-areas of conservation including Kekexili National Nature Reserve and Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve.
With the aim of protecting the headwaters of the Yangtze, Yellow, and Lancang (Mekong) rivers, it is scheduled by 2020 to officially become China's first national park administered by the central government.
According to a plan issued by the National Development and Reform Com-mission in January, by 2020, the park would take shape as a demonstration zone of ecological protection and restoration on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, and a natural conservation zone of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
The ultimate goal of the plan is to make the national park in the Sanjiangyuan area into a role model of eco-protection and institutional innovation by 2035. In addition, it will be built into a modernized park, serving as a reference for its peers.
Since 2016, Qinghai has established a new management system for the pilot program, such as an administrative bureau of the Sanjiangyuan National Park, and three management committees responsible for Yangtze River, Yellow River and Lancang River source areas.
The province has made new mechanisms to protect eco-system, enhance social participation, and attract more talents for the pilot program. A total of 14,000 jobs have been created for local herdsmen, improving income of local households.