Shaanxi Attarctions

Sima Qian Temple


Sima Qian Temple is 10 kilometers south to Hancheng County in Shaanxi Province's Weinan City.And the temple is situated on the southeastern hummock of Zhichuan County. The temple is the most popular sight in Hancheng with Mt. Liang to the west, the ancient Yellow River to the east, the ancient Great Wall of Wei State to the south, and the River Zhi to the north. The view is superb and reflects his noble-minded personality and outstanding achievements.

Do you know Sima Qian?

Sima Qian (145 - 90 BC), the famous historian and litterateur of China, is a native of Hancheng. He began to read ancient Chinese books and biographies when he was ten years old, including the works of Dong Zhongshu and Kong Anguo (the great litterateurs of China). At the age of 20, he started to travel across China to learn the various customs and collect Chinese legends. Several years later, he inherited from his father the position of Grand Scribes (Taishi Ling) to the Emperor and thus became in charge of astronomy, calendars and imperial books. Hereafter, he took on an ambitious project - writing Shi Ji (Records of the Grand Historian). He was sentenced to castration after defending Li Ling who surrendered to Hun. In spite of this cruel punishment, he finished Shi Ji, which is an unprecedented masterpiece.

Features of the Temple

The Sima Qian Temple was built in the 4th year of Yongjia in the Western Jin Dynasty (310) and showcases, about 1,700 years of history. It is 555 meters long from east to west, and 229 meters wide from north to south with an area of 45 thousand square meters. It includes four exhibition rooms, respectively displaying an exhibition of Sima Qian's life, stories, 39 inscriptions recording the repairing and enlarging process of the Temple and his great achievements, 53 celebrities' calligraphies and the Shi Ji.
Sima Qian's Tomb stands at the back of the temple and is built with bricks and engraved with the Eight Diagrams and flower designs on the walls of the grave. There is an old cypress growing upward to the zenith, and in front of the tomb stands a stone monument with the inscription of Bi Yuan, the Circuit Inspector of Shaanxi in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).


Travel Tips

Transport: Take a bus from Xian Fangzhicheng Bus Station or Xian Bus Station to Hancheng Bus Station; or take an early train from Xian Railway Station to Hangcheng first. And then take Bus Dayumiao - Sima Qian Ci Line directly ro Sima Qian Ci (Sima Qian Temple). 

Entrance Fee: CNY 80

Opening hours: 08:00-17;30

Time for Visiting: 1-2 hours



Sima Qian Temple - Shaanxi Attractions, What to see in Shaanxi - Zhangjiajie China Tours, China Travel Guide

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