Situated in the northeast of Sichuan Province, Bazhong City is bordered by Hanzhong of Shaanxi Province in the north, and in neighborhood of Dazhou, Nanchong and Guangyuan respectively in the east, south and west with in the province. Beautiful Bazhong is also a fertile land that has nurtured fine poetry. Famous Tang poets such as Li Bai and Wang Bo all cited Bazhong in their poems. As early as the pre-Qin period, Bayuge, an ancient folk song with love as its main theme, was created by the Ba people, becoming an important feature of Han-style folk songs and ballads.
Facts of Bazhong
Chinese Name: 巴中市 (bā zhōng shì)
Area: 12,325 square kilometers (4,759 square miles)
Administrative Hierarchy: 1 district (Bazhou); 2 counties (Tongjiang, Nanjiang, Pingchang)
Seat of the City Government: 10, New Jiangbei Zone, Bazhou District, Bazhong City,Sichuan Province
History of Bazhong
Bazhong City has also been a historical channel for cultural exchanges between north and south China, witness to the Qin and Han dynasties, the Three Kingdoms, and the Red Army. People here easily sense the pulse and echoes of history.
More than 5,000 years ago the ancient Ba people lived and flourished on this land – and the joss-sticks and candles burning within Baling Village in the high mountains and lofty hills have never been extinguished. The 3,000-year-old ancient Micang Road extended through the Daba Mountains, where the Yellow River civilization and Bashu culture intermingled. Although this road has now been abandoned, related historical memories have always lingered among the people. The most famous tale about this ancient road recalls the early Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - AD 220) prime minister, Xiao He who pursued and persuaded the strategist Han Xin to remain, thus altering the final outcome of the war between the Chu and the Han.
Ancient villages along the route also bear witness to the prosperity of Bazhong. Bazhong was once an important hub for political, economic and cultural exchange between north and south China.
From ancient times, Bazhong possessed strategic consequence, with feudal lords vying for dominion. The Ba people were not only brave and adroit in battle, but also good at singing and dancing. Ba people assisted in numerous ancient wars, including aiding King Wu to defeat Tyrant Zhou, supporting Ying Zheng, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) to unify China, and helping Liu Bang found the Western Han Dynasty. This ancient and mysterious land also gave birth to such eminent persons in history as astronomer Zhang Sixun of the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Wang Jian, first emperor of the Former Shu (907-925), and famous educator Yan Yangchu (1890-1990), among many others.
Geography of Bazhong
Situated on the northern fringe of the Sichuan Basin and at the southern foot of Mt. Micang of the Daba Mountain range, its terrain is generally inclined on a north south axis. It is possible to divide the city into three morphologic regions: medium mountain area in the southern slop of Micang Mountain; the low mountain area in northern and hilly area to the south.
Bazhong City exudes a pastoral sparkle and tranquility. It makes one wish to blend in with its unique natural environment. A walk through Bazhong, it is said, is like a hazy drizzle that awakens people’s memories.The picturesque city, resembling a Monet oil painting, lies inlaid within the southern foothills of the towering and extensive Daba Mountains. Situated at the center of three large cities of Chengdu, Chongqing and Xi’an, Bazhong also sits along the dividing line between south and north China.
What to see in Bazhong?
Covering 12,000 square kilometers, the city combines both the grandeur of northern China and the warmth of southern China, with distinctive vistas of mountains and rivers, as well as places of historical and cultural allure. Guangwu Mountain, Nankan Grottoes and Nuoshui River are the major attractions of Bazhong.
| Guangwu Mountain|| Nankan Scenic Area || Nuoshui River Scenic Area|
|Enyang Ancient Town||Maoyu Ancient Town|
When to visit Bazhong?
The city enjoys a subtropical monsoon climate, and the Bazhong weather on the plain and mountainous regions differs from each other greatly. Its annual average temperature is around 17℃ (62.6℉) with the common features of being warm winters, an early spring, hot summers and cool autumns. It is rainy in summer and autumn, especially during June to September. Spring and autumn are suitable for people to tour around.
How to get to Bazhong?
1. From Chengdu Beimen (North Gate) Bus Station at 197, northern fourth section, First Ring Road, buses will arrive in Bazhong after a journey of eight hours.
2. Departing from the South Gate of city, Nankan Mountain arrival is just a few minutes away via a winding road. Guangwu Mountain is another large red leaf area of Sichuan with autumn being the best season to view the red leaved trees that adorn the mountains.
3. People usually choose the airport of Chongqing as the transfer station for relatively short distance. Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport opperates direct bus lines from the airport to Bazhong city, with the journey taking six hours. Passengers can also take regular bus to Bazhong from downtown Chongqing. Take the Bus from Chongqing Bus Station at 12, Caiyuan Lu.
4. Jiangbei Bus Station in Binhe Lu of New Jiangbei Zone is the only bus station of the city offering both intercity and inter-provincial passenger transport services.
Bazhong Travel Tips
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0827-96927
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: Jiangbei Lu, Bazhou District
China Post: Baiyuntai, Jiangbei Lu, Bazhou District,Bazhong City
Special Local Products: tremella (white fungi), Chuanming ginseng, walnut, honeysuckle