Tianjin is located in the northeast of the North China Plain.Facing the Bohai Sea, Tianjin, the one time imperial port, serves as Beijing's vital gateway to the sea.Tianjin is one of the four municipalities in China. Its name means 'the place where the emperor crossed the river'. In recent years it receives more and more attention from visitors due to its illustrious historical heritage and other natural resources.
English Name: Tianjin
Chinese Name: 天津 ( Tian Jin )
Abbreviation: 津 (Jin)
Administration Type: Municipalities
Location: in the North China
Area:11,000 square kilometers
Population (2015): 11.76 million
Major Ethnic Group: Han, Hui, Manchu, Monglia, and Korea
History of Tianjin
The formation of Tianjin has undergone a long period of time in the history. The name of Tianjin, first emerged during the early period of Emperor Yongle of China's Ming Dynasty, means a ferry crossing where the Son of Heaven has passed. In the second year of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1404), Tianjin started building fortifications and defenses as a strategic military place. In 1860 Tianjin was turned into an open port. For years its industrial production and port trade volume were only second to Shanghai, becoming the second largest commercial city in China and the biggest financial and trading center in north China.
It is no exaggeration to say that Tianjin bears a splendid historical background. However, it was desecrated by foreign invaders long before the foundation of People's Republic of China. The city was once shared by nine countries: Italy, Germany, France, Russia, Great Britain, Austria, Japan and Belgium. This marked an extremely hard period for the city and her people because those imperialist countries left permanent marks in her body, most notable of which were thousands of villas.After the founding of the People's Republic of China Tianjin was turned into a municipality directly under the central authorities. Today those villas provide an exotic flavor, enhancing the beauty of the entire city.
What to see in Tianjin ?
Blessed with variety of attractions, Tianjin is a good place to explore. The top ten attractions are Jinmen Shijing, are Gu Wenhua Jie, Dagu Emplacement, Huangyaguan Great Wall, Dule Temple, Haihe River, Water Park, Panshan Mountain, Hotel Street and Food Street, TV & Radio Tower and Zhonghuan Cailian. There are also many natural scenes of beauty as well as great historical events.
Getting in and out of the city is convenient because of the well-planned transportation system. If you want to come by water, there are a series of international and domestic sea routes in the port of the city, which is the biggest man-made port in the country. If you plan to arrive by air, Tianjin Binhai International Airport offers excellent service. Planes have routes that reach most of the major cities in the country and also cities in Europe and America. Of course, arriving by land is another option, while trains or long-distance buses are yet another alternative.
Various hotels, guesthouses and hostels can also meet your different needs. In addition, there are all types of entertainment available to relax both your body and mind.
When to visit Tianjin ?
In winter, wind often blows from the north because of the cold high pressure from Mongolia. In summer, affected by the subtropical high pressure from the western Pacific, the city sees much south wind. It has a semi-moist warm temperate continental monsoon climate, with an apparent feature of transit from continental climate to marine climate: there are four clearly divided seasons, but the duration of each is different; precipitation is not high, with uneven distribution over the year. The annual average temperature is 12.3 °C. The hottest month is July, during which the average temperature can reach 26 °C. January is the coldest month, its average temperatures being -4 °C.
How to get there ?
Airline-Zhangguizhuang Airport of Tianjin is open to air traffic with Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Shanghai, Sanya, and so on.
Railway-The trains running on Beijing-Shanghai Line and Beijing-Harbin Line all stop at Tianjin Railway Station or Tianjin West Station. In additon, there are several runs of a bullet-shaped intercity express train from Tianjin to Beijing every day. The earliest express train sets off at 3:49 and the last one from Tianjin is at 18:50.
Highway-Tianjin enjoys a developed road network with national highways and part of city trunk orads forming the framework. Typical of ratiating roads, Tianjin links its outside ring road with freeways and national highways. In additoin, it has dozens of passenger bus terminals where a multitude of buses depart for nearby counties.
Waterway-Tianjin Harbor, capable of transportation of river and sea, is the largest artificial one in China. Beitang Port is located at the confluence of Ji Canal in the southeast of Tanggu District and the Xinhe River in Yongding. There are passenger ships available at Tianjinfor citeis such as Dalian and Yantai.
72-Hour Visa-Free Transit
From June 8th 2015, citizens of 51 countries and regions including USA, UK, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, and Netherlands are granted a visa-free stay of up to 72 hours when taking an international transfer via Binhai Airport.
Local Specialities: Potter Zhang’s colored clay figurine, Yangliuqing New Year paintings, Wei’s kite
Local Food: Goubuli steamed stuffed bun, Shibajie fried dough twist, Bangchui fruit, Zhang’s fried horsebean, Jingdong pie, boiled fish with corn or millet cakes, Luohandu, Maobuswen, dumpling and fried cakes (in shape of ear or eye)