Shigatse, used to be called Tsang by Tibetan, is an ancient region at the altitude of 3,830m above the sea level. As the second largest city of Tibet, Shigatse is most famous as the seat of the Panchen Lama, who has been regarded by Tibetans (except those in Lhasa) to be on equal footing with the Dalai Lama. Shigatse connects with three countries of Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim in the south, Ngari in the west, Nagqu in the north and Lhasa and Shannan in the east. Before the 1950s, the region remained in a primitive state in terms of its economy and its people's lifestyle. Following reformation and the opening up to the modern world, a series of highways were built up.
Facts of Shigatse
Chinese Name: 日喀则 （ri kǎ zē）
Area: Shigatse covers an area of 182,000 sq km
Population: Shigatse has a population of 63,000. 98% of the population is Tibetan in the area.
Zip Code: 857000
Area Code: 0892
Administrative Division: Shigatse Region consists of one city, Shigatse City, 17 counties including Gyangtse County, Sakya County, and Tingri County, and a trading port Zhangmu Town.
Geography of Shigatse
On the southwest frontier of China and in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Shigatse connects with Ali to the west, leans Nagqu to the north, and adjoins Lhasa and Shannan to the east and borders on Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim, sharing a part of frontier of 1,753 kilometers.
Shigatse connects with three countries of Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim( a state of India since 1975) in the south, Ngari in the west, Nagqu in the north and Lhasa and Shannan in the east. It occupies an area of 182,000 square kilometers. It is 800 kilometers from east to west and 220 kilometers from north to south, with a border of 1,354 kilometers.
Strategically located at the alluvial plain at the confluence of YalongTsangpo and Nyangchu Rivers, Shigatse was once the political, religious and cultural center of 'Rear Tibet'. As time went on, the town lags far behind Lhasa in terms of economy and population. 98% of the population is Tibetan in the area. Due to its relative inaccessibility, traditional way of life of the local people still remained very well.
What to see in Shigatse?
Today, these buildings, the former symbols of power, have been converted into tourist highlights of the city. These cultural relics, especially the monasteries, with their mystery and rich holy color tell the history of Shigatse and show the status of Buddhism in people's lives. In addition to the cultural relics, the area occupies a charming high-plateau land with attractive natural beauty. The complex landscape of this region endows it with various natural tourism resources. Many special types of natural scenery like Mount Qomolangma (Mt. Everest), the world's highest peak and other snow-capped high peaks add much charm to this remote land. Here lists top attractions in Shigatse.
|Namtso Lake||Tashilhunpo Monastery||Shodain Monastery|
| Mt. Everest ||Yamdrok Lake||Zhangmu Town|
When to visit Shigatse?
Shigatse has a highland continental climate; most of the region is dry all year round except the part south of Himalaya Mountain. The climate here features long sunlit period, strong ultra-violet radiation, low temperature and distinct rainy (May – September) and dry (October – April) seasons. The yearly average temperature is 6.3 degree Celsius with an annual rainfall of 422.4 mm....More Read: Shigatse Climate & Weather
How to get to Shigatse?
Shigatse is Tibet's transportation center. The highways here lead to all directions. Tourists can travel to Shigatse both by Highway and by air. There are two main highways – China-from Shigatse to Lhasa, Shiquanhe and Nepal. It is also connecting with its 17 counties, and forming complete transportation network. Due to the geography and environment, the local transport is mainly regular buses and bus chartering....More Read: Shigatse Transportation
Shigatse Travel Tips
Local Shigatse Highlights: In the city, hotels and motels of different classifications satisfy visitors' needs. Although the accommodation in this remote area cannot be compared with those in modern cities, they are still important and plentiful.Public amenities such as the post office and banks do much to facilitate travel in Tibet.
Local Number Inquiry: 114
Weather Forecast: 121
Foreign Tourism Administration: 0892-8822218
Public Security Office: 0892-8822241
Tourism Complaint: 0892-8990444
Bank of China Shigatse City Branch: No.17, Jiefang Road (Middle)
If you intend to travel in the area, you should plan to exchange any money you might need at the Bank of China in Shigatse for the next closest branch is quite far away.