Tongren City,(铜仁市 ),is a prefecture-level city which is known as the gateway to eastern Guizhou Province.Tongren is situated in the junction of Guizhou Province and Hunan Province.Located within a tobacco planting and crop agricultural area, Tongren was known as Tongren Prefecture (铜仁地区) until November 2011, when it was converted into a prefecture-level city.Tongren City is the political, economic and cultural center of the its region and enjoys a level of a capital City in its region.
Facts of Tongren City
Chinese Name: 铜仁 tóng rén
Area: 18,023 square kilometers (6,959 square miles)
Population: about 3,800,000
Nationalities: Han, Tujia, Miao, Dong, etc.
Area Code: 0856
Zip Code: 554300
Geogaraphy of Tongren City
Tongren City lies in the northeast part of Guizhou Province, neighboring Chongqing Municipality to the north and Hunan Province to the east. It is a vital nexus between Central China and the southwest frontier, and accordingly is known as the 'Gateway of the Guizhou Eastern Area'. Known as a "famous city in West China", Tongren is located in the northeastern Guizhou province and has two districts, four counties and four autonomous prefectures, namely Bijiang, Wanshan, Jiangkou, Shiqian, Sinan, Dejiang, Yuping, Songtao, Yanhe and Yinjiang. Tongren takes an important role as a transportation hub in the province and enjoys a reputation as "Door of Guizhou province", "Pure land of Brahma" and "City of benevolence, righteousness and wisdom".
Tongren comprises 2 districts, 4 counties, and 4 autonomous counties.
Districts: Bijiang District, Wanshan District
Counties: Dejiang County, Jiangkou County, Sinan County, Shiqian County
Autonomous counties: Yuping Dong Autonomous County, Songtao Miao Autonomous County, Yinjiang Tujia and Miao Autonomous County, Yanhe Tujia Autonomous County.
History of Tongren
There are no historical records about this area before the Warring States Period (476BC-221BC). Legend has it that during the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) a man found three bronze figures underwater, hence the name Tongren (bronze figure).
Transportation of Tongren
Tongren is located in the northeastern Guizhou province and has two districts, four counties and four autonomous counties.Tongren takes an important role as a transportation hub in the province and enjoys a reputation as "Door of Guizhou province", "Pure land of Brahma" and "City of benevolence, righteousness and wisdom".
Each day, there are a number of flights heading for Tongren Daxing Airport from cities like Guiyang, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and many other places. Daxing Airport is situated in Daxing Town, Songtao County, Tongren Prefecture. It takes no more than half an hour to go to Tongren city from Daxing Airport by bus. With the arrival of each flight, there will be airport buses to send travelers to the Tongren city area. You are only required to tell the bus driver your specific stop when you want to get off the bus. The ticket fare for the airport bus is 10 yuan.
From Guiyang to Tongren, you can not only take the tourist train to go there directly, but can also transfer from Yuping. Travelers from Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou can first take a train to Huaihua, and then travel by car to arrive in Tongren. Travelers from Chongqing can also first take the boat along the Wujiang River, stop at the Guizhou Yan River, and then transfer to a bus to Tongren.
Tongren Railway Station is located in Qiantang, which is also the location of Tongren Normal University.
Yu-Ping Railway Station Ticket Office Tel: 0856-3222209.
Tongren is located in the slope transition zone of Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau between the hilly area of western Hunan Province and the Sichuan Basin area. The rainfall is abundant in Tongren, and the annual average temperature here is 13 ℃ to 17.5 ℃. Because of its location at a low latitude, Tongren is the hottest area in Guizhou Province, with the highest temperature in summer reaching up to 42.5℃ , much higher than other cities in Guizhou Province. In fact, Tongren's hot temperatures in summer matched those of Nanjing, Wuhan and Chongqing, each of which are commonly called the "Stove Metropolis"of China.
Enjoying abundant rain and sunshine, Tongren has a fantastic climate for agriculture and produces a great range of agricultural products, including rice, corn, sweet potato, potato, soybean, oilseed rape, peanut, flue-cured tobacco, watermelon and sugarcane.
Tongren has a complex topology, including features of the outstanding Karst topology. On the whole, the terrain of the central area is lower than that of the surrounding areas, even though most of the land of the this region is mountainous. There are well-known tourist destinations in the region including: the Nine-dragon Cave Scenic Spot (famous for Karst caves), Mt. Fanjingshan National Nature Reserve, and the beautiful Jinjiang River. There are also many well-known cultural destinations including: Dongshan Temple, China Nuo Opera and Nuo Mask Museum.
Ethnic Minority Group
This region has been the home to a variety of ethnic groups including the Miao, Dong and Tujia and their different social customs attract the visitors most. In fact, ethnic minorities make up more than fifty percent of Tongren's population. The customs, folk songs, and performances of the Dong, Tujia, and Miao ethnic minorities are not to be missed when visiting there. One of the cultural heritages in this region is the Nuo Opera which is renowned as the live fossil of Chinese Opera. Special performances, for example the 'Climbing the blade', can be seen at the Nuo Opera. The performances are both breathtaking and wonderful. The 'Nuo Mask' and other wares which are used in Nuo Opera now are on display at the China Nuo Opera and Nuo Mask Museum.