Urumqi Travel Guide
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Urumqi Overview

Urumqi or Urumchi,is the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in northwest China.The city's name in Uighur means “fine pasture”.Nowadays, as the capital city of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi includes five districts and the Urumqi County. Because of its particular position, it is a transportation hub for linking the south and north area of the Tianshan Mountains as well as connecting Xinjiang and central China.

Urumqi Position MapFacts of Urumqi

Location: at the foot of the Tianshan Mountains,northwest of Xinjiang Region

Area: 10,989 square kilometers
Administrative Divisions: 7 districts and 1 county 

Population: 2.43 million people with 0.39 million non-permanent residents at the end of 2015

Time Zone: China Standard Time (UTC+8); Urumqi Time (two hours later than Beijing Time)

Language: Mandarin Chinese, Uygur

Geography of Urumqi

Urumqi City lies in the shadow of the lofty ice-capped Bogda Peak with vast Salt Lake to the east, the rolling pine-covered Southern Hill to the south, and the alternating fields and sand dunes of Zunggar Basin to the northwest.The city of Urumqi commands the northern end of a gap leading from the Tarim Basin into the Junggar (Dzungarian) Basin.Urumqi City is just like a piece of emerald embedded at the foot of the Tianshan Mountains.

Climate & Weather

he temperature in Urumqi fluctuates greatly between day and night. The area of Urumqi is extremely dry due to its geographical location and continental climate.Spring and autumn are short while winter and summer are long.The best period for visiting Urumqi is from May to October when flowers are in full bloom and the melons and fruits smell sweet and are ripe for the picking...More

History of Urumqi

In 1949, Xinjiang was liberated peacefully, and the people’s government of Dihua City was established. On Feb. 1st, 1954, Dihua reverted to its original name of Urumqi. Nowadays, Urumqi, boasting a history of more than 1,000 years, is a thriving, modern metropolis...More 

With shorter a spring and autumn but longer winter and summer, May to October is the golden season to visit it, when flowers are in full bloom and the fruits, like melons and grape, are ripe with fragrance. 

The two hours’ time difference between Xinjiang and Beijing lead to local working time starting from 09:30 or 10:00.The temperature varies widely between day and night. Considering this, you're advised to set out on your travels around noon each day.As home to 49 minority ethnic groups, this graceful prairie city is an important stop along the ancient Silk Road, leading to Central Asia and even as far as Europe.

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