Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China in the northwest of the country. It spans over 1.6 million km2. Relief consists of 3 mountain chains and 2 lowlands. In the north of the region the Altai mountain range stretches out, in the South is Kunlun mountain system, and Tianshan mountains are in the middle. Tianshan mountains divide Xinjiang territory in 2 parts – North Xinjiang and South Xinjiang, that are absolutely different according to geographical description. Xinjiang is adjacent to Gansu, Qinghai Province on the east and Tibet on the south. Besides, the neighboring countries have Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan on the west and north, by the Republic of Mongolia on the northeast, and by Pakistan, Afghanistan and India on the southwest. The capital is Urumqi, and the other main cities are Turpan Prefecture, Kashgar Prefecture, Hotan (Hetian) Prefecture, Aksu Prefecture and so on.
Chinese Name: 新疆( Xīn Jiāng )
Abbreviation: 新 (Xin)
Administration Type: Autonomous Region
Location: 34°25' to 48°10' N, 73°40' to 96°18' E
Climate: temperate continental arid/ semiarid climate
Average Annual Rainfall: 165.6 millimeter
Area: 1,664,900 km² (about 642,821 mi²)
Population (2010): 21,813,334
Major Ethnic Group: Uygur
Tourism Cities in Xinjiang
The vast territory of Xinjiang region has different natural objects such as snowy and forbidding rocks of Pamir, Kunlun, Tianshan and Altai; deep valleys that are covered by lush, green natural growth; boundless space and solitude of Tarim and Dzungar lowland; boisterous oases in the edges of deserts. The valley of Ili river has a beneficial climate with plenty of rains and such a various vegetable world like in the south China provinces. Ordos hollow is famous for its picturesque lakes and grasslands. Turpan is one of the hottest places in China, and it is called “the fire land”.
Xinjiang is remarkable for its geographical variety: mountain rocks, deserts, forests, grasslands, natural pastures, green oases, swampy brushwood. The bunch of such unique views on rather small territory is an exceptional value for a traveler.
Xinjiang population counts 16 million and national composition is very colorful. There are Uigurs, Hans, Kazakhs, Huis, Mongolians, Kirghizes, Tajiks, Manchus, Russians, and the other national minorities. Each nationality keeps its national peculiarities and the way of life. Colorful national customs make Xinjiang even more attractive for tourists.
Xinjiang is famous for being “the land of song and dance”, “the land of fruits”, “the land of precious stones”. Xinjiang is one of the most attractive regions for travelers. It abounds in wonderful natural phenomenon, wild nature, ancient monuments of the Silk Road, and colorful national customs. In truth, any travel-lover will regret if he does not come to Xinjiang.
Come to this wonderful land! Beautiful nature, hospitable people, nice food, and merry festivals will give you an unforgettable experience. Every tourist can find an activity that he likes: alpinism, riding horses or camels, tasting exotic dishes, visiting historical attractions, taking photos, and having fun during holiday festivals.
You are welcome to Xinjiang !