Yinchuan City lies to the west of theYellow River and to the east of Helan Mountain. The landform is divided into two main parts, the mountainous region in the west and south and the plains in the north and east. Its average altitude 1,097 meters. Lying in the central section of Ningxia Plain which is irrigated by the Yellow River, Yinchuan holds abundant water resources and enjoys the reputation of 'a land of fish and rice in the frontier'.
Climate and weather in YinChuan
Yinchuan has a temperate continental climate with an annual average temperature of 8.5C, and has 158 frost-free days. Annual rainfall averages 200 millimeters.
Population of Yinchuan
Yinchuan is a multi-nationality city including Han, Hui, Manchu, Mongolian, and Chaoxian peoples. Among them, the Hui people account for 26.3 percent of the total population and they have maintained the traditional folk customs and life style that are unique to other ethnic group.
According to Hui ethnic custom, pork, blood of all the animals and fierce animals are taboos. Wine, alcohol and tobaccos are not allowed for Muslims, either. Huis have high regard for tea, and they will treat their guests to Gaiwancha (a kind of tea) before providing a feast of melons, fruit, and seedcakes, etc.
Yinchuan originally was a county under the name of Fuping in the 1st century BC; its name was changed to Huaiyuan in the 6th century AD. After the fall of the Tang dynasty in 907, it was occupied by the Tangut Peoples' Xi-Xia dynasty, of which it was the capital. After the destruction of the Xi-Xia dynasty by the Mongols in 1227, it came under the rule of the Mongol dynasty. Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, it was the fu (prefecture) of Ningxia. In 1928, when the province of Ningxia was formed from parts of Gansu and Inner Mongolia, it became the capital city.
The abundant tourism resources, a great number of cultural and natural scenic spots, many religious sites, wonderful landscapes, ethnic minority customs and lifestyles add unique glamour to Yinchuan. A large number of cultural sites of the Western Xia Dynasty, picturesque waterside towns, unique scenery along the Great Wall and colored customs of the Hui people make Ningxia become one of the most attractive cities in West China.
A brilliant culture has contributed to Yinchuan being a famous tourist city. There are over 60 historical sites including mosques, pagodas, pavilions, temples, and imperial tombs as well as natural scenery such as Helan Mountain, Sand Lake Scenic Resort (Sha Hu) and Shapotou, etc.
Here you can taste the local dishes or snacks of rich Islamic flavor, such as Yangrou Paomo and Shouzhua Yangrou. Hotels of different grades are available to visitors, providing you warm and comfortable places to relax yourself.
Most of the drinking water for Yinchuan is underground hard water and has relatively high hypsography to which some visitors will not be acclimatized, so it is helpful to take some medicine in case this causes you any discomfort. And eating more fresh vegetables and fruit will help ease the dryness of the city climate.