Yunanyang Terraced Fields is laso known as Hani Terraced Fields. Listed as a world heritage site in June in 2013, Yuanyang Terraced Fields is located in the south of Ailaoshan Mountain, Yuanyang County, in Yunnan Province.Yuanyang County, lying in the south part of the Ailao Mountains, is inhabited by a compact community of the Hani ethnic minority. The Hani people open up farmland on mountainsides as the terrain changes. The grand terraces, like works of art, are especially favored by photographers. Most terraces lie along the highway from Yuanyang to Lvchun.
Hani & Yi Ethnic Minority
The fields are a masterwork by Hani People. Extending along the Red River (Hong He), it is the largest terrace fields in China. There are about 170,000 acres terrace fields only in the Yuanyang County which is the core area of the fields.The Hani people's ancestors came to this steep mountain area 2,500 years ago. In their struggle against the difficult terrain they successfully established the terraces, where they grew rice in order to make a living. The technology of developing fertile land on rugged mountain slopes didn't spread all over China and Southeast Asia until 14th century. The creativity of the Hani people turned this mountain area into one of artistic beauty. In recognition, the Ming Dynasty emperor granted the title of 'Skillful Sculptor' to Hani people and their good reputation was passed down from generation to generation. At present, known as 'land sculpture' the terraced fields have been being officially acknowledged by UNESCO as a World Cultural and Natural Heritage site.
Beautuful Terraced Fields
The fields are mainly divided into 3 scenic spots including Bada, Laohuzui (the Mouth of Tiger) and Duoyi Tree areas. All the terraced fields are situated on the hills with a degree from 15 to 75. The highest mountain has about 3000 terraced fields from the bottom to the top. Hani people are mainly lived in the south of Yunnan Province and Hani Terraced Fields is a great place to enjoy their unique life. Travelers can not only view magnificent terraced fields scenery, but also experience Hani people's and Yi people's culture.
Laohuzui (the Tiger Mouth) scenic area
The third dimension and the colorific hierarchy of Laohuzui is the most intense. The colors are as though they have been painted by an artist, while the terraced slopes are more rugged. The lowest section of the terrace is the most attractive and the outline resembles a galloping horse.
Bada scenic area
It is the biggest attraction in terms of acreage of Yuanyang Terraces and the best of the sunset scenery can be seen here. The terraces here include the Qingkou, Quanfuzhuang, Malizhai, Zhulu and other contiguous areas extending over more than 2306.3 acres. The Bada terraces at sunset are truly amazing and the incessantly changing colors will make you feel that you are in a magical kingdom.
Duoyishu scenic area
This is the most beautiful natural and cultural landscape of Yuanyang Terraces, and it is the best place to go if you wish to photograph the sunrise. The terraces in this scenic area, including Duoyishu, Aichun, and Dawazhe, are more than 1647.4 acres in total. Sunrise provides the most beautiful sight in Duoyishu as the morning there highlights the superlative dynamic landscape. As a kind suggestion, we recommend that you can pay special attention to the changing color of the water during the early morning sunrise. As the reflections and shadows are constantly changing, the visual impact can be overwhelming.
Other view points in Yuanyang County:
1. Jingkou: a Hani Ethnic Village, the only place to be charged in the country, and there are folk dancing performances and Hani showroom.
2. Village architecture: the mushroom-like houses are undoubtedly the most distinctive , and can be seen throughout the county.
3. Long Dragon Feast: Held on 12th December lunar calendar. The Feast in Habo is most famous.
4. Clouds in the Xinjie Town: Due to the high altitude it is often shrouded in cloud and offers great scope to photographers.
5. Folk: In addition to outside terrace, Hani costumes and folklore are also good film subjects. There are Hani, Yao, Miao, Dai, Zhuang, Yi and other nationalities so that the locality has a very strong ethnic flavor.
1. The scenery of the terraced fields in Yuanyang is at its best from November to the following April.
From November to April, it must be the best time to visit Yuanyang Rice Terraces. After the harvest of rice in October, there are numerous rice stems in each fields, also it is autumn in China. Thus it’s less colorful and beautiful. Before the harvest, local Hani people firstly drain the fields, so there is little water left. You cannot take photos which such rice fields seem like thousands of mirrors to reflect the change of sky and clouds.In November, villagers start to fix and restore the ridge for the plantation in the next year. And then they plough the fields with more water. Gradually the water in the fields is accumulated with the change of time. It is turning a different look.Until December each piece of fields is full of water, the whole view is becoming very charming. Sometimes you can discover several kinds of weeds inside; each of them has different colors. It makes the paddy fields red of green which is rare to see. Also it adds more colors to the whole scenery.After March, more and more locals go to fields to work. You only have a narrow chance to take photos for ethnic minorities, livestock, rice terraces, sunrise and sunset.As a professional tour operator, our staffs have been to Yuanyang for more than many times. We always know the best option.
2. Yuanyang lies on the Tropic of Cancer, so the climate is neither extremely hot nor cold. However, it is cooler in morning and evening, and the sun is very strong at noon. You should pay attention to sun protection. Moreover, T-shirts and shorts can be worn all year round, but you are advised to take a jacket.
3. It is very interesting to participate in a local country fair, during which the entire minority people dress in colorful ethnic costumes. It is very lively.
Address: Yuanyang New County (Nansha), Yunnan Province
Ticket: 100 CNY
How to get there: Travelers can take a coach in Kunming Coach Station to Yuanyang County.