Jinghong City, the capital of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, is located at the south end of Yunnan Province. The prefecture of Xishuangbanna shares a boundary of 966 kilometers with Burma and Laos in the east, south and west, being a vital pass from China to indo-China Peninsular by land.
Facts of Jinghong/Xishuangbanna
Full Name: Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese Name: 西双版纳傣族自治州 (xī shuāng bǎn nà dǎi zú zì zhì zhōu)
Area: 19,700 square kilometers (7,606 square miles)
Nationalities: Dai, Han
Administrative Division: 2 counties (Menghai, Mengla); 1 county-level cities (Jinghong)
Seat of the City Government: No.6, Jinghong Road (East), Jinghong City,Yunnan Province
History of Xishuangbanna
To the Dai people, Xishuangbanna was known as 'Mengbanaxi' in ancient times, a name that means a miraculous and nice utopia. It had been a settlement where 13 ethnic minorities have lived in tight-knit communities for generations. The Jino ethnic minority is peculiar to the prefecture.
This place was named as Jingyong, Jinglong and Cheli in history, where a total of 13 nationalities live together such as Dai, Hani, Jinuo, Bulang, Hui and Yao. The population of the ethnic minorities takes up 66.7% of the total population. In 1180, Payazhen, the leader of Dai people, established Jinglong Kingdom. In 1269 of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Jinghong Kingdom was changed into Cheli Army and People General Government which was re-changed into Cheli Xuanwei Shisi (pacification office) in 1384 of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). In 1570, the commissioner of Cheli Xuanwei Shisi divided its territory into 12 Banna (12 parts). In 1927, Cheli Xuanwei Shisi was made as Cheli County, and then was renamed as Jinghong County in 1958. Finally, it was upgraded as a city in 1993.
What to see in Jinghong/ Xishuangbanna?
Enjoying the fame as 'Green Treasury' and 'Gene Pool of Species', the region keeps a large area of tropical rainforest, including oil palms, coconut palms and mango trees as well as various other tropical plants grown wherever in the parks, on the sides of the streets, in front of or behind the houses.
|Manting Park||Octagonal Pavilion|
When to visit Jinghong /Xishuangbanna?
The weather in this region is a combination of continental and oceanic climates with an annual average temperature of 18-22℃ (64.4-71.6℉). The coldest November is similar to the middle of summer in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River; thereby, Xishuangbanna is reputed as a happy land without winter. Generally, there are only two seasons. May to October is the rainy season and November to April is the dry season. Although it is an all-year-round tourist destination, the weather is most favourable from November to April. However since the roads conditions are excellent, this place is also a popular destination during the rainy season.
How to get to Jinghong /Xishuangbanna?
Passengers can take flights to get to Xishuangbanna Airport (Xishuangbanna Jinghong Airport), which is the second largest airport in Yunnan Province. Express highway system is well-developed in the city that can reach Burma and Thailand. Besides, city-buses, bicycle, rickshaw and taxi bring a lot of convenient for tourists to go around the city.
1. Jinghong Airport (Xishuangbanna Airport) is located in the Gajiu Town in southern Jinghong City, about 5 kilometers (3 miles) from downtown Jinghong. At present, it has direct flights to Kunming, Lijiang and Dali. There are two flights a week to Chiang Mai, Thailand. From Jinghong bus station in No.23, Jinghong Bei Lu and Xishuangbanna passenger transport service station in No.5, Minzu Lu, buses to the counties and towns of Xishuangbanna run frequently, carrying visitors to scenic spots desired.
2. There are a total of three public bus lines in Jinghong city proper. All the scenic spots and passenger transport stations inside Jinghong City can be reached by bus. Recently, renting a bicycle while visiting a city has gained popularity. As Jinghong city is not very big, seeing the city by bicycle would be pleasant and convenient.
Xishuangbanna Travel Tips
Xishuangbanna Highlights: The Water-sprinkling Festival is New Year's Day for the Dai, and is the most important and grandest festival of the year. It lasts three days from 13th to 15th, April (the sixth month of the Dai Calendar). Dai people dip branches into the river and sprinkle the water onto others as a way to express their best wishes. In addition, the festivals of the Hani, Jino and Yao ethnic minorities are also delightful part of local ethnic customs.
Special Local Products: tea, coffee, tropical fruit, herbs, Yunnan tobacco
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0691-96927, 2122323
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: No.23, Minhang Road, Jinghong City
China Post: No.2, Jinghong Road (West), Jinghong City