Located in a border area in southwest China, Pu'er is known for its advantageous geographic location known as "one city neighboring three countries, and one river running through five cities". Pu'er borders Vietnam, Laos and Myanmar and shares with them a border line of 486 kilometers. Lancang River-Mekong River, reputed as the "Danube of the Oriental", runs through Pu'er, which is home to Simao Port, a national Class A waterway port; Menglian Port, a national Class B waterway port; and 18 border crossings. With establishment of the China-ASEAN Free Trade Zone, progress of the Lancang River-Mekong River Sub-regional Cooperation, full opening of Kunming-Bangkok Expressway to traffic and the completion of the central line of the Trans-Asian Railway, Pu'er is becoming a golden frontier for China's opening up to Southeast Asia and South Asia.
Chinese Name: 普洱 (pǔ ěr)
Area: 45,385 square kilometers (17,523 square miles)
Nationalities: Hani, Lahu, Wa, Yi, Han
Administrative Division: 1 district (Simao); 9 autonomous counties (Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County, Mojiang Hani Autonomous County, Jingdong Yi Autonomous County, Jinggu Dai Autonomous County, Zhenyuan, Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu autonomous County, Jiangcheng Hani and Yi autonomous County, Menglian Dai, Lahu, Wa Autonomous County, Lancang Lahu Autonomous County, Ximeng Wa Autonomous County) .
The Seat of City Government: Yueguang Road, Simao District,Puer City
History of Pu'er
Under the control of Chelidi in Shang and Zhou dynasties and Yinsheng Jiedu in the Tang-Nanzhao Period, Pu'er gained its current name in the Wanli Reign Period of the Ming Dynasty; during the Yongzheng Reign Period of the Qing Dynasty, a government office was set up in Pu'er. At the beginning of new China, Pu'er District Commissioner's Office was established, which was renamed Simao Commissioner's Office in 1953. In 1971, Pu'er had its named changed to Simao District, which was then replaced by Simao City in October 2003 and further to Pu'er City in January 2007.
Pu'er is home to the most diversified minority culture, as there are 14 nationalities which have lived there for generations, accounting for 61 percent of the total population of Pu'er. In addition to colorful and splendid minority culture, the culture of Lahu, Wa and other minorities that entered socialist society directly from slave society or primitive society represents national traditional culture with the most original features throughout China and even in the world. Therefore, Pu'er is a national culture museum and a folk custom garden as well.
|Wa girl and boy in Pu'er||Lahu Ethnic People in Pu'er||Dai girls in Pu'er|
Through ages, 14 nationalities including Yi, Hani, Dai, Lahu and Wa ethnic minorities have inhabited here for generations. They cultivated the land diligently, lived in great harmony, pursued co-prosperity and created rich and diverse national culture.
What to see in Pu'er?
Pu'er is the heartland of the origin place of tea trees in the world, the hometown of "Pu'er Tea" and the start of the ancient tea-horse roads. The region lies at the southwest edge of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, which is in the south section of the Hengduan Mountains. Within the city, mountains and rivers run southward, alternating with each other frequently in the north and gradually dispersing to the southeast and the southwest. Medium sized mountains and valleys between them constitute nearly ninety percent the city's territory. Here lists top Puer Attractions.
|Puer Tea Exhibition Garden||Awa Mountain||Nayun Ancient Town|
|Mengwai Chieftain Summer Resort||Wengji Lahu Ethnic Village||Lancang Lahu Scenic Area|
|Ximeng Wa Eco-tourism Area||Jingmai Mangjing Scenic Area||Laodabao Village,Pu'er|
When to visit Pu'er?
Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low latitude, the region is affected by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, the main features of its weather are mildness and humidity without strong winds. It has a wet season and a dry season. November is the rainy season, and the temperature is high. The annual average temperature of the city is usually between 15.3℃ (59.5℉) and 20.2℃ (68.4). Tourists can visit this area all the year round.
How to get to Pu'er?
Situated in the northwest of Yunnan Province, Puer has an important location in China's southwestern boundary, neighboring Laos, Vietnam and Burma and sharing a 486 kilometers (302 miles) boundary line with these three countries. Kunming is about 550 kilometers (342 miles).
1. The Simao Airport lies at the south foot of the Wuliang Mountain, 2 kilometers west of the city outskirt. At present, direct flights to Kunming, Xian and Jinan are provided. If travelling to or from other cities, visitors should transfer to Kunming first. It is 40 minutes to Puer.
2. Puer does not have train stations; buses are the main vehicle for transportation. It is about four to five hours' drive from Kunming. There are mainly two bus stations in downtown. One is in Wuyi Road and the new one is located in South Zhenxing Road.
Pu'er Travel Tips
Local Highlights: There are many ethnic minorities living here, such as Lahu, Hani, Wa and Yi. Varied customs make it a colorful city. Eating habits, ceremonies, costumes and folk legends can all be a strong attraction for people who are visiting.
In addition, the city is the hometown of the well known Puer Tea, and the local people have diversified ways of handling tea, such as bamboo tube tea, cold tea dish, earth-pot tea and baked tea; all of which you should try. Pu'er hosts International Puer Tea Festival once a year.
Special Local Products: Puer Tea, bamboo shoot, edible fungi, purple rice, mango
Useful Telephone Numbers:
Tourist Complaints: 0879-96927
Weather Forecast: 121
Zip Code Inquiry: 184
Bank of China: No.3, Yueguang Road, Simao District
China Post: Middle Zhenxing Road, Simao District