Hunan is praised as "the home of rice and fish "in China.Covering 2.2 percent of China's territory area, population of Hunan Province amounts for about 5 percent of the country’s total, ranking No.7 in China (2013). The average population density is 318 people per square kilometer. By the end of 2014, the registered permanent resident population of the province had reached 67.372 million, among which 34.711 million were males and 32.661 million were females. The registered households numbered 5.066 million. The population in urban areas reached 33.201 million, realizing an urbanization rate of 49.28%, a year-on-year rise of 1.32%. The birth rate of the registered permanent population was 13.52‰ while the death rate of the same population was 6.89‰. The natural growth rate of the registered population was 6.63‰.
Ethnic Minorities in Hunan
The minority groups are Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, Hui, Bai, Zhuang, and Uighurs. The way of life and economy of the Miao and the Tujia are similar, and the two groups were not differentiated in the 1953 census, when they were officially referred to as Miao. They lived in the west where their economy is based on the cultivation of terraced fields on hills and in narrow valleys. They grow corn on mountain slopes and elsewhere cultivate tung, tea, and galla nuts. Each group has its own distinctive handicrafts, notably embroidery and cross-stitch work. The Dong people live in their own autonomous counties in the extreme southwest, with their centers at Tongdao and Xinhuang counties. The Yao are widely scattered over the mountainous regions of the south and west
Hunan is a province with rich national customs thanks to the colorful, vibrant and exciting ethinic groups, among which Han population accounts for 89.9 percent of the total population, while population of other ethnic groups accounts for 10.1 percent. Among the population of other ethnic groups, Tujia has a population of more than 2.6 million, Miao, a population of more than 1.9 million, Dong, a population of more than 800,000, and Yao, a population of more than 700,000.
Religions of Hunan People
Hunan has over 5.44 million religious people, including 3.697 million Buddhists, 1.108 million Taoists, 144,000 Muslims, 44,000 Catholics and 446,000 Christians. There are about 7700 clergies, working in 5,313 sites for religious activity.
Language of Hunan
Mandarin is spoken popularly by young people in Hunan.But Hunan is a region with various and complex dialects, including the Xiang dialect, southwestern mandarin, Gan dialect, Hakka dialect and other local dialects. Xiang dialect (also called Xiang language) is the most representative and the most widely distributed dialect in Hunan, covering 40 cities and counties along Xiangjiang River and Zijiang River. In Hunan, about 30.85 million people speak the Xiang dialect, accounting for 3.2% of the national population.
The Xiang dialect, represented by Changsha dialect, is distributed among most areas in Hunan. From the phonetic perspective, Xiang dialect can be divided into new and old Xiang dialects. The old Xiang dialect mainly prevails in central Hunan such as Ningxiang County and Hengyang City while the new Xiang dialect is widely spoke in large and middle-sized cities such as Changsha and Zhuzhou...More