Fanjing Mountain

Fanjing Mountain, also known as Fanjingshan (梵净山)in Chinese, is founded as Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve which is  located at the juncture of the three counties of Yinjiang, Jiangkou and Songtao in northeastern Guizhou Province. Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve was established in 1978 under the approval of the government of Guizhou Province. In 1986, it was promoted to a national nature reserve and, in the same year, it was included in the 'Man and Biosphere' Protection Network of UNESCO.  it was listed as a World Heritage by UNESCO on Jul. 2nd, 2018.

What to see?
As one of the main peaks of Wuling Mountain Range, the whole reserve covers an area of 567 sq kilometers, dominated by the primitive vegetation.

Unique Peaks
Fanjing Mountain has three main peaks, the 'Old Golden Summit', 'Fenghuang (means phoenix) Summit', and 'New Golden Summit'. There are over 8,000 stone steps from the foot to the summit. Climbing along the winding mountainous road to the summit is a rewarding pleasure. The 'Hongyun Golden Summit' is fabulous for the sea of cloud and mist. The colorful halo emerging in the sky around the summit is a most appealing wonder. The halo is like a rainbow and viewed as a sign of auspiciousness.

Buddhism and Temples
The religious significance adds a splendor to the charm of Fanjingshan. It is a holy site for Buddhism and their adherents. As a saying goes, it is nature that shaped the fantastic scenery of the mountain, and it is Buddhists that made the mountain well-known. 'Fanjing' in Chinese, means a pure land for Buddhists. The serene environment allows visitors to feel their minds purified. Its established reputation as a sacred land of Buddhism can be traced back to the 16th century. In the mountain there are numerous Buddha temples, of which the temples worshiping Maitreya and Sakyamuni are the most famous. Each year, thousands of adherents flock there to worship.

Rich Pants
Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is a treasure-house of plants and wildlife. The reserve is rich in plant resources and 80% of the conservation area is covered with virgin forest and other plants. There are about 795 families of plants and 1,955 species, including 14 families and 19 species of gymnosperms, 460 families and 1,155 species of spermatophytes and 123 families of fungi. Some plants are rare, such as the dove flowers which grow only in this region. Due to the influence of the sub-tropical alpine monsoon climate, the distribution of vegetation is vertically zonal. The plants vary from the evergreen broadleaf forest to deciduous trees.

Wild Fauna
The favorable climate and lush vegetation make Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve an ideal habitat for wild fauna. The number of wild animal species identified and documented has reached over 800. The diversified fauna include 68 species of mammals, 191 species of birds, 41 species of reptiles and 34 species of amphibians, respectively accounting for 13.6%, 6.2%, 10.9% and 12.2% of the national total animal population. Among these species, some are rare and endangered. The Guizhou golden monkeys can be seen only in this region and are on the edge of extinction, hence a national treasure and protected species. Other species like clouded leopard, South China Tiger, pangolin and antelope are also important national protected animals.

The biodiversity in Fanjing Mountain National Nature Reserve is unparalleled elsewhere at the same latitude. It is the one of the best-preserved subtropical forest ecosystems in China. The verdant mountain, the clear water and the diversified wildlife constitutes a unique environment.

Travel Tips
Add:  Taiping Township, Jiangkou County, Tongren City, Guizhou Province
Opening Hours: 08:00-18:00
Entrance Fee: CNY 290 with round trip cable cars and shuttle bus inside the scenic area.
Tel: 0856-6720358

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