Xian Transportation

As the starting point of the ancient Silk Road, Xi’an is the capital of the Shaanxi Province in Northwest China. Today, it is one of the major transport conjunctions in China, serving as the transportation hub and gateway that links the Northwest with the Southwest, Central, East, and North. The city has an extensive and convenient transportation network that includes travel by air, rail, and highway, connecting Xi’an with other parts of China.

By Air

Xi’an Xianyang International Airport, airport code:XIY,  is the largest air transportation hub in Northwest China, serving more than 18 million passengers in 2010 alone. Currently, about 20 airlines operate at the airport, providing a total of over 150 routes. Flights are available to the major cities in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Lhasa, Chongqing, Harbin, Hangzhou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Wuhan, and Guilin. International flights are also available to Hong Kong and Macau, Bangkok, Singapore, Seoul, Incheon, Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya.

Xi’an Xianyang International Airport is located about 45 kilometers northwest of Xi’an’s city center. A taxi ride between the airport and city center takes about 1 hour and costs about 100 yuan. Note that there is a road fee of 10 yuan for use of the airport expressway, which is not shown on the taxi meter. As such, when traveling to or from the airport, expect to pay an additional 10 yuan besides the fare shown on the meter.

72-Hour Visa-Free Transit.
From Jun. 1 2014, Xian implements the 72-Hour Visa-Free Policy to facilitate passport holders of 51 countries and regions to enjoy a visa-free stay up to 72 hours when taking an international transfer via Xianyang Airport. 

By Train

Xi’an is an important rail transportation hub, linking North, East, and Central China with Southwest and Northwest China. Longhai Railway (Lianyungang to Lanzhou) runs through the city. Its railway network extends to all directions of the country, with trains to and from many large and medium cities in China such as Beijing (12-15 hours), Shanghai (14-16 hours), Zhengzhou (2-3 hours), Chengdu (13-16 hours), Xining (10-12 hours), Lanzhou (8-9 hours), Lhasa (34 hours), Luoyang (2 hours), Urumqi (28-33 hours), Guilin (28 hours), Guangzhou (23-27 hours), and Wuhan (12-15 hours). Everyday there are about 30 high-speed trains between Mount Huashan and Xi’an North Railway Station in the Weiyang District; a single trip takes 40 minutes and costs 35-55 yuan for a second-class seat, and 60-90 yuan for a first-class seat.
The primary railway station of the city is Xi’an Railway Station. It is located at the north end of Jiefang Road in the northeast just outside the city wall. Get there by public bus No. 5, 9, 13, 14, 25, 30, 39, 40, 41, 42, 602, or 103. 
Xian North Railway Station is located in Weiyang District of Xian City,and it is about 8.7 miles (14 km) from Bell Tower (city center), 8 miles (13 km) from Xian Railway Station and 15.5 miles (25 km) from Xianyang International Airport.Xian North Railway Station is one of the most important transportation hubs of Chinese high speed rail network.

By Bus

Xi'an is a key point in China's central and western national highway system; important expressways passing by are the Xibao, Xitong ,Xiling and Xihan Expressways.As a famous tourist city, Xi'an has built expressways to Lintong, Tongchuan and Baoji, with high class roads to famous scenic spots in suburban counties and to the north slope of the Qin Mountains. Since September 2007, the newly completed Xi-Han Expressway connects Han Zhong and Xi'an through the Qinling Mountains. The ZhongNan Shan Tunnel is the longest tunnel in Asia at 15 kilometers long.
Xi’an’s taxis are usually green, but at the airport and some big hotels, there might be some black taxis which are more spacious, comfortable, and a bit more expensive.

By Sunway
By the end of 2020, six subway lines will be built in Xian City, totally spanning 251.8 km. Now only Subway Line 3 (first phase) has been completed and in operation now. 
Metro Line 1
Route: Xianyang Forest Park - Lishan ( 18 stops )
Start: October, 2008
Finish: 2013
Subway Line 1 passes through the city center of Xian from east (Fangzhicheng Stop) to west (Houweizhai Stop). When completed in the year 2013, you can take subway to visit Banpo Village and Terra Cotta Army. 
Metro Line 2 
Route: Xian North Railway Station - Exhibition Center ( 17 stops )
Subway Line 2 passes through the city center ( Bell Tower ) of Xian from North (Xian North Railway Station Stop) to South (Exhibition Center). Please chcek the photo, Subway riders enjoy Xi'an’s Line 2, the first subway line in the city, Sept 16, 2011. 

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